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The three currently available male contraceptive approaches are 1) the barrier method such as the condom, 2) hormonal methods by disrupting the pituitary-testicular axis so as to impair spermatogenesis, and 3) immunological methods by preparing vaccines against male-specific antigens. We hereby describe an alternative approach in which attachments of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely believed to cause or aggravate several human pathologies such as neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, stroke and many other ailments. Antioxidants are assumed to counteract the harmful effects of ROS and therefore prevent or treat oxidative stress-related diseases. In this report, recent human studies exploring the(More)
Serotonin receptor 7, i.e. 5-HT(7) protein coded by Htr7 gene, was discovered in supra-chiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus but is widespread in the forebrain. Studies have shown that this receptor is involved in learning/memory, regulation of mood and circadian rhythms. The modulatory effects of two novel agonists, LP-211 and LP-378, were assessed(More)
Acute effects of aflatoxins (AF), and in particular hormonal actions, have not been examined as much as chronic toxicity. Thus, we studied the effects of specific AF on prolactin (PRL) secretion by rat pituitary cells in culture. AFB1 and AFQ1 (1 x 10(-4) M) reduced the stimulating effect of dimethyl sulfoxide on PRL secretion by cultured rat pituitary(More)
Neither quercetin (Q), nor 3-O-acylquercetines, up to 100 microg/mL, had any significant activity on selected gram-positive strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria ivanovi, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria serligeri), gram-negative strains (Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, Shigella sonnei, Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella(More)
The action of sinapic acid and its alkyl esters as potential antioxidants has been investigated. For this purpose, a series of sinapic acid ester derivatives was synthesized and their antioxidant activities were evaluated using distinctive analytical methods, namely, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and FRAP UV-vis methods and differential scanning(More)
Scavengers of hypochlorite (XOCl) could have beneficial effects in diseases in which this oxidant plays a pathogenic role. It has been reported that ferulic acid and chlorogenic acid, the quinic ester of caffeic acid, are good hypochlorite scavengers, but a systematic evaluation of the naturally occurring hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs), which these substances(More)
Polyphenols are an important class of phytochemicals, and several lines of evidence have demonstrated their beneficial effects in the context of a number of pathologies including neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. In this report, we review the studies on the effects of polyphenols on neuronal survival, growth,(More)
Thermal denaturation and aggregation of rabbit muscle glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) have been studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and analytical ultracentrifugation. The maximum of the protein thermal transition (T(m)) increased with increasing the protein concentration, suggesting that(More)
A monoclonal antibody, designated A2a18b8, of IgG1 class prepared against human alpha 1-antitrypsin, cross-reacts with alpha 1-antitrypsin in the serum of rat and baboon, but not with alpha 1-antitrypsin in serum of rabbit, pig, hamster, guinea pig, dog, or turtle. We used A2a18b8 in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) developed for human alpha(More)