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The three currently available male contraceptive approaches are 1) the barrier method such as the condom, 2) hormonal methods by disrupting the pituitary-testicular axis so as to impair spermatogenesis, and 3) immunological methods by preparing vaccines against male-specific antigens. We hereby describe an alternative approach in which attachments of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely believed to cause or aggravate several human pathologies such as neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, stroke and many other ailments. Antioxidants are assumed to counteract the harmful effects of ROS and therefore prevent or treat oxidative stress-related diseases. In this report, recent human studies exploring the(More)
Serotonin receptor 7, i.e. 5-HT(7) protein coded by Htr7 gene, was discovered in supra-chiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus but is widespread in the forebrain. Studies have shown that this receptor is involved in learning/memory, regulation of mood and circadian rhythms. The modulatory effects of two novel agonists, LP-211 and LP-378, were assessed(More)
The involvement of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of rheumatic disorders, such as systemic sclerosis (SSc) and chronic polyarthritides, has been suggested yet not thoroughly verified experimentally. We analysed 4 plasmatic parameters of oxidative stress in patients with SSc (n = 17), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) (n = 10) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) (n(More)
Scavengers of hypochlorite (XOCl) could have beneficial effects in diseases in which this oxidant plays a pathogenic role. It has been reported that ferulic acid and chlorogenic acid, the quinic ester of caffeic acid, are good hypochlorite scavengers, but a systematic evaluation of the naturally occurring hydroxycinnamic acids (HCAs), which these substances(More)
Bacterial lipases are attracting an enormous amount of attention due to their wide biotechnological applications and due to their roles as virulence factors in some bacteria. Helicobacter pylori is a significant and widespread pathogen which produces a lipase(s) and phospholipases that seem to play a role in mucus degradation and the release of(More)
Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of different human diseases: Alzheimer, Parkinson, Huntington, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease), Down's syndrome, atherosclerosis, vascular disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2, age - related macular degeneration, psoriatic arthritis. The aim of current study is to(More)
Neither quercetin (Q), nor 3-O-acylquercetines, up to 100 microg/mL, had any significant activity on selected gram-positive strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Listeria ivanovi, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria serligeri), gram-negative strains (Escherichia coli, Shigella flexneri, Shigella sonnei, Salmonella enteritidis, Salmonella(More)
Polyphenols are an important class of phytochemicals, and several lines of evidence have demonstrated their beneficial effects in the context of a number of pathologies including neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. In this report, we review the studies on the effects of polyphenols on neuronal survival, growth,(More)
Acute effects of aflatoxins (AF), and in particular hormonal actions, have not been examined as much as chronic toxicity. Thus, we studied the effects of specific AF on prolactin (PRL) secretion by rat pituitary cells in culture. AFB1 and AFQ1 (1 x 10(-4) M) reduced the stimulating effect of dimethyl sulfoxide on PRL secretion by cultured rat pituitary(More)