Luciano N. Blanco

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In rats, and many other species, most lung alveoli are formed after birth. Septation of the large air saccules existing at birth has been considered as the main mechanism for alveoli formation. However, other undefined means of alveolarization have also been postulated to account for the large increase in gas-exchange surface area that takes place in the(More)
The finding of other investigators that increased water content is often associated with signs of a torn collagen network in human osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage led to this study. In the Pond-Nuki model of post-traumatic OA experimental but not control femoral condylar cartilage showed evidence of breakdown and stiffening of collagen network as assessed by(More)
We used three-dimensional reconstruction 1) to determine the effect of treating rats with dexamethasone, from age 4 to 13 days, on alveolar volume (v) and number (Na) and 2) to determine if v, Na, or both change between age 14 and 60 days. At age 14 days, v, Na, and gas exchange surface area (Sa) were (2.7 +/- 0.3) x 10(4) microns3, (20.2 +/- 2.1) x 10(6),(More)
ABSTRACT: Terminal gas-exchange units in the lung of many species are, at birth, relatively large structures termed saccules. Saccules septate postnatally forming smaller units that constitute the final alveoli. In the rat, septation occurs intensively during the first 2 postnatal wk after which it has been considered to stop. Treatment with dexamethasone(More)
A fluid phase was aspirated in vivo and in vitro from predentin or pulp of developing rat teeth by means of a micropuncture technique. Pooled aspirates (approx. 2 nL) were analyzed for P, Na, K, Ca, Mg, and S by electron probe microtechniques (Lechene and Warner, 1979). Compared with pulp fluid, currently and previously studied cartilage fluids, as well as(More)
Nonpregnant female rats were kept in 13% O2 for greater than 3 wk before being bred, throughout pregnancy, and, with their pups, after birth; control rats were only in air. The average volume (v), number (N) and surface area (Sa) of gas-exchange structures (saccules or alveoli) were estimated by stereological means. Saccule conversion to alveoli by(More)
Evidence in the cartilage for influence of EHDP on mineralization processes was found by the biochemical examination of nanoliter samples (Cfl) aspirated in vivo from the upper tibial growth plate of rats subjected to a regimen of EHDP. The induced rachitic syndrome was distinctively different from that resulting from lack of vitamin D and low-phosphate(More)
During development, the surface area of the gas-exchange region of the lung can increase by: (1) expansion, (2) subdivision (septation), (3) replication, or (4) change of shape of the basic gas-exchange units (saccules or alveoli). We evaluated the shape of these units in rat lung from birth to adulthood. A shape factor (phi g) was defined in terms of the(More)
During development, rat lung seems to make use of the mechanisms of 1) expansion, 2) replication, and 3) subdivision to increase its gas-exchange surface area. To quantitate the contribution of each one of these mechanisms from birth to adulthood, four models of lung development have been mathematically evaluated: 1) existing saccules at birth septate(More)