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Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare tumour but with increasing incidence and a poor prognosis. In 2008, the European Respiratory Society/European Society of Thoracic Surgeons Task Force brought together experts to propose practical and up-to-dated guidelines on the management of MPM. To obtain an earlier and reliable diagnosis of MPM, the experts(More)
PURPOSE High levels of serum-soluble mesothelin family proteins (SMRP) have been found to be associated with malignant mesothelioma (MM), but not lung cancer (LC). To verify the clinical role of this marker for both these tumors, we tested serum SMRP in the largest population of thoracic cancers ever assembled. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN SMRP blood(More)
Recent evidences suggest that malignant mesothelioma may be sensitive to immunotherapy; however, little is known about malignant mesothelioma-associated tumour antigens. Focusing on cancer/testis antigens, the expression of well-characterised immunogenic tumour-associated antigens was investigated in malignant mesothelioma cells. At variance with MAGE-4 and(More)
BACKGROUND Monoclonal antibodies to cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) have therapeutic activity in different tumour types. We aimed to investigate the efficacy, safety, and immunological activity of the anti-CTLA4 monoclonal antibody, tremelimumab, in advanced malignant mesothelioma. METHODS In our open-label, single-arm, phase 2 study, we enrolled(More)
Bortezomib (Velcade, PS341) was licensed in 2003 as a first-in-class 20S proteasome inhibitor indicated for treatment of multiple myeloma, and is currently being evaluated clinically in a range of solid tumours. The mechanisms underlying its cancer cell toxicity are complex. A growing body of evidence suggests proteasome inhibition-dependent regulation of(More)
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is an aggressive thoracic malignancy associated with exposure to asbestos, and its incidence is anticipated to increase during the first half of this century. Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment, yet sufficiently robust evidence to substantiate the current standard of care has emerged only in the past 5 years. This(More)
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a seemingly uncommon tumor whose incidence has in fact increased steadily and progressively over the last 30 years. Indeed, an actual "epidemic" is expected in Europe over the next 20 years. Despite unquestionable improvement in the diagnostic methods at our disposal and the availability of new treatment strategies,(More)
The expression of angiogenic factors may represent useful markers for diagnosis and prediction of disease outcome. Basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) is a potent angiogenic factor which promotes in vitro growth of endothelial cells and in vivo vessel formation. We investigated the expression of b-FGF in patients affected with malignant and non-malignant(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of simian virus-40 (SV40) is associated with increased release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human malignant mesothelioma (MM) cells. We studied nine cell lines derived from pleural effusion (PE) of patients with MM, and three different cultures of normal human mesothelial cells(More)
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is an aggressive tumor associated with environmental or occupational exposure to asbestos fibers. Erionite is a fibrous zeolite, morphologically similar to asbestos and it is assumed to be even more carcinogenic. Onset and progression of MM has been suggested as the result of the cooperation between asbestos and other cofactors,(More)