Luciano Gaudio

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Phylogenetic relationships among members of genus Orchis and allied genera Aceras, Anacamptis, Barlia, Dactylorhiza, Gymnadenia, Himantoglossum, Neotinea, Ophrys, Platanthera, and Serapias were inferred from nucleotide sequence variation in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Sequences were subjected to various alignments(More)
Since the time of Darwin, biologists have studied the origin and evolution of the Orchidaceae, one of the largest families of flowering plants. In the last two decades, the extreme diversity and specialization of floral morphology and the uncoupled rate of morphological and molecular evolution that have been observed in some orchid species have spurred(More)
Recently, increasing interest has been directed to the study of metallothioneins (MTs), which are small proteins that are able to bind metal ions. The induction of MT synthesis after exposure to metal or other environmental contaminants in a large number of aquatic invertebrates makes these proteins good biomarkers in water monitoring programs. Within(More)
Tuber mesentericum fruit bodies are in increasing demand on the food market and are an important economic resource for southern Italy, their major production area. Because molecular studies on this truffle species are very scarce, we analyzed ITS1 and ITS2 nucleotide variability of 126 ascocarps of T. mesentericum collected in different European areas,(More)
Asparagus acutifolius L. is a dioecious and native plant species, widely distributed in the Mediterranean Basin. It is known for its fine flavour and could represent an important resource for cultivation programs in desert areas. Few molecular studies have been performed on this species. In the present paper, the ISSR technique was employed to study genetic(More)
The class B MADS-box genes belong to two distinct functional groups: the AP3/DEF-like and the PI/GLO-like sub-families. In orchids, AP3/DEF-like genes are present in four copies, each with a different role in floral organ formation, which is described in the “orchid code” model. Interestingly, the orchid PI/GLO-like genes are present in two copies in(More)
ABSTRACT Plant genetic engineering has long been considered a valuable tool to fight fungal pathogens because it would limit the economically costly and environmentally undesirable chemical methods of disease control. Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are potentially useful for plant defense considering their antiviral and antimicrobial activities but(More)
Phosphoglucomutase (PGM) of adult stage in Drosophila melanogaster has been characterized by gel filtration, ion-exchange chromatography, and isoelectric focusing. The two common electrophoretic variants, PGMA and PGMB, differ with respect to their kinetic and stability parameters. PGMA is more thermostable than PGMB but shows the same pH optimum, equal(More)
Four type-1 (single-chain) ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs), with isoelectric points between 9.5 and 9.7, were isolated from leaves of Phytolacca dioica L. The purification procedure furnished the four proteins with an overall yield of about 16% and separated them from a protein of 29 407 ± 2 Da, as determined by electrospray mass spectrometry, whose(More)
The AP2/ERF proteins are plant-specific transcription factors involved in multiple regulatory pathways, from plant organ development to response to various environmental stresses. One of the mechanisms that regulates the AP2-like genes involves the microRNA miR172, which controls their activity at the post-transcriptional level. Extensive studies on(More)