Luciano Galantini

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Polygalacturonases (PGs) are secreted by phytopathogenic fungi to degrade the plant cell wall homogalacturonan during plant infection. To counteract Pgs, plants have evolved polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) that slow down fungal infection and defend cell wall integrity. PGIPs favour the accumulation of oligogalacturonides, which are(More)
The crystal structure of a Li(+) salt of a glucosyl derivative of lithocholic acid (lithium 3α-(α-d-glucopyranosyl)-5β-cholan-24-oate) has been solved. The crystal belongs to the orthorhombic system, P212121 spatial group, and includes acetone and water in the structure with a 1:1:2 stoichiometry. Monolayers, having a hydrophobic interior and hydrophilic(More)
The crystal structure of three head-to-head dimers (having two cholic acid or deoxycholic acid units) linked at carbon atoms C3 by aromatic or alkyl bridges is studied. An internal coordinates system is necessary for describing the relative orientation in the space of the two bile acid residues. Five angles (three torsion and two common ones) are necessary(More)
Starting from the structure of ice (in which each water molecule is surrounded by other four water molecules forming a tetrahedron with a value of 4.51Å for the edge O-O distance), and the knowledge that this value also corresponds to the O7-O12 distance of the skeleton of cholic acid, it is hypothesized that two steroid cholic acid moieties, with an(More)
The formation of tubules by p-tert-butylphenylamide derivatives of chenodeoxycholic and ursodeoxycholic acids in aqueous solution is investigated. The critical aggregation concentrations of the new surfactants are much lower than those of ursodeoxycholate and chenodeoxycholate, indicating the enhanced surfactant properties resulting by the presence of the(More)
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