Luciano Crema

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BACKGROUND Use of routine microbiologic surveillance, antibiotic practice guidelines, and infectious diseases (ID) specialist consultation might contribute to achieve an early diagnosis and an appropriate antibiotic treatment of infections, particularly in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting. METHODS We conducted a prospective cohort study in an ICU over(More)
Data regarding the efficacy of programmes to control meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in intensive care units (ICUs) are limited. We performed an observational 'before-and-after' study to evaluate the search-and-destroy (S&D) strategy as compared with S&D and isolation (SDI), to control MRSA in a general ICU. S&D included active(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the secular trends in MRSA BSIs after the introduction of a nosocomial MRSA control intervention. DESIGN Before-after study. SETTING An 850-bed community hospital with an ICU and vascular surgery, neurosurgery, bone marrow transplantation, and AIDS units. MRSA is endemic at this hospital; the prevalence of methicillin resistance(More)
The development of antibiotic resistance is associated with high morbidity and mortality, particularly in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. We evaluated the effect of an antibiotic rotation programme on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. We conducted a 2-year before-and-after(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of a program to control nosocomial spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). METHODS Analysis of the incidence of infection and contamination due to MRSA in patients admitted to the hospital of Cremona 6 months before and 3 years after the introduction of the guidelines (July 1997). RESULTS During(More)
There is increasing interest about all aspects of pain sensation for patients undergoing head and neck surgery, and efforts have been made to better assess, monitor and reduce the occurrence of pain. The aetiology of pain is considered to be "multifactorial", as it is defined by several features such as personal experience, quality perception, location,(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010, the EUPHAS 2 collaborative group created a registry with the purpose of recording data from critically ill patients suffering from severe sepsis and septic shock treated with polymyxin-B hemoperfusion (PMX-HP) for endotoxin removal. The aim of the registry was to verify the application of PMX-HP in the daily clinical practice. METHODS(More)
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