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The complex mechanisms underlying homeobox genes expression involve regulation at transcriptional, post-transcriptional and translational levels. The multiple transcripts of the human HOX-5.1 gene are expressed differentially in tissue- and stage-specific patterns during embryogenesis, and differentially induced by retinoic acid (RA) in human embryonal(More)
To gain insight to the mechanisms underlying region-specific gene expression in mammalian development, we investigated the regulatory DNA associated with the proximal promoter of two homeo box genes, murine Hox-1.3 and human Hox-5.1. Using lacZ gene fusions in transgenic mice, we identified regulatory elements in the 5'-flanking sequences of the Hox-1.3 and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Ferroportin-1 (FPN1) is expressed in various types of cells that play critical roles in mammalian iron metabolism and appears to act as an iron exporter in these tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate whether erythroid cells possess specific mechanisms for iron export. DESIGN AND METHODS The expression of FPN1 during(More)
We investigated the expression of HOXB cluster genes in purified phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-activated T lymphocytes from normal adult peripheral blood by reverse transcription PCR and RNase protection. These genes are not expressed in quiescent T cells, except for barely detectable B1 RNA. After the PHA stimulus, HOXB gene activation initiates coordinately as(More)
Like other homeobox genes of the Antennapedia and bithorax complexes (collectively called the HOM complex), the Drosophila Deformed (Dfd) gene has structural homologues in the Hox/HOX complexes of mouse and humans, one of which is human HOX4B (refs 3, 4). Previous experiments indicated that HOX4B protein can specifically activate the expression of the(More)
Myhre syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by reduced growth, generalized muscular hypertrophy, facial dysmorphism, deafness, cognitive deficits, joint stiffness, and skeletal anomalies. Here, by performing exome sequencing of a single affected individual and coupling the results to a hypothesis-driven filtering strategy, we establish that(More)
In recent years there have been major advances in our knowledge of the regulation of iron metabolism that have had implications for understanding the pathophysiology of some human disorders like beta-thalassemia and other iron overload diseases. However, little is known about the relationship among ineffective erythropoiesis, the role of iron-regulatory(More)
We have investigated the expression of transferrin receptor (TfR) iron regulatory protein-1 (IRP-1) and iron regulatory protein-2 (IRP-2) in liquid suspension culture of purified hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) induced by a growth factor stimulus to proliferation and unilineage differentiation/maturation through the erythroid, granulocytic, monocytic(More)
Although the key role of human homeobox (HOX) genes in development is well established, their function in adult cells is still under scrutiny. We have analyzed, in normal adult blood cell subpopulations, acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) cells lines, and primary blasts, the RNA expression of all HOX-2 cluster genes (5'-2.5, 2.4, 2.3, 2.2, 2.1, 2.6, 2.7, 2.8,(More)