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The full complement of homeobox transcription factor sequences, including genes and pseudogenes, was determined from the analysis of 10 complete genomes from flowering plants, moss, Selaginella, unicellular green algae, and red algae. Our exhaustive genome-wide searches resulted in the discovery in each class of a greater number of homeobox genes than(More)
A new symmetric-iterative method for multiple alignment of protein sequences is presented. The method can be described as a combination of motif finding and dynamic programming procedures. It uses each sequence as a standard to which all sequences are aligned based on the significant segment pair alignment (SSPA) protocol. Sequences are further matched(More)
Pbx cofactors are implicated to play important roles in modulating the DNA-binding properties of heterologous homeodomain proteins, including class I Hox proteins. To assess how Pbx proteins influence Hox DNA-binding specificity, we used a binding-site selection approach to determine high-affinity target sites recognized by various Pbx-Hox homeoprotein(More)
BACKGROUND Hsp70 chaperones are required for key cellular processes and response to environmental changes and survival but they have not been fully characterized yet. The human hsp70-gene family has an unknown number of members (eleven counted over ten years ago); some have been described but the information is incomplete and inconsistent. A coherent body(More)
We analyzed length differences of eukaryotic, bacterial and archaeal proteins in relation to function, conservation and environmental factors. Comparing Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes, we found that the greater length of eukaryotic proteins is pervasive over all functional categories and involves the vast majority of protein families. The magnitude of these(More)
Structurally neighboring residues are categorized according to their separation in the primary sequence as proximal (1-4 positions apart) and otherwise distal, which in turn is divided into near (5-20 positions), far (21-50 positions), very far ( > 50 positions), and interchain (from different chains of the same structure). These categories describe the(More)
Conflicting results often accompany phylogenetic analyses of RNA, DNA, or protein sequences across diverse species. Causes contributing to these conflicts relate to ambiguities in identifying homologous characters of alignments, sensitivity of tree-making methods to unequal evolutionary rates, biases in species sampling, unrecognized paralogy, functional(More)
The participation of molecular chaperones in the process of senescence and in the mechanisms of age-related diseases is currently under investigation in many laboratories. However, accurate, complete information about the number and diversity of chaperone genes in any given genome is scarce. Consequently, the results of efforts aimed at elucidating the role(More)
BACKGROUND Chaperonin proteins are well known for the critical role they play in protein folding and in disease. However, the recent identification of three diverged chaperonin paralogs associated with the human Bardet-Biedl and McKusick-Kaufman Syndromes (BBS and MKKS, respectively) indicates that the eukaryotic chaperonin-gene family is larger and more(More)
the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Advances in sequencing technology encourage the accumulation of molecular data and the development of phylogenetic methods that use nucleotide or amino acid sequences to(More)