Luciano Brocchieri

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We present a comparative proteome analysis of the five complete eukaryotic genomes (human, Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Arabidopsis thaliana), focusing on individual and multiple amino acid runs, charge and hydrophobic runs. We found that human proteins with multiple long runs are often associated with diseases;(More)
A new symmetric-iterative method for multiple alignment of protein sequences is presented. The method can be described as a combination of motif finding and dynamic programming procedures. It uses each sequence as a standard to which all sequences are aligned based on the significant segment pair alignment (SSPA) protocol. Sequences are further matched(More)
The chaperonin HSP60 (GroEL) proteins are essential in eubacterial genomes and in eukaryotic organelles. Functional regions inferred from mutation studies and the Escherichia coli GroEL 3D crystal complexes are evaluated in a multiple alignment across 43 diverse HSP60 sequences, centering on ATP/ADP and Mg2+ binding sites, on residues interacting with(More)
We analyzed length differences of eukaryotic, bacterial and archaeal proteins in relation to function, conservation and environmental factors. Comparing Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes, we found that the greater length of eukaryotic proteins is pervasive over all functional categories and involves the vast majority of protein families. The magnitude of these(More)
Functional and structural regions inferred from the Escherichia coli R ecA protein crystal structure and mutation studies are evaluated in terms of evolutionary conservation across 63 RecA eubacterial sequences. Two paramount segments invariant in specific amino acids correspond to the ATP-binding A site and the functionally unassigned segment from residues(More)
The heat shock protein 70 kDa sequences (HSP70) are of great importance as molecular chaperones in protein folding and transport. They are abundant under conditions of cellular stress. They are highly conserved in all domains of life: Archaea, eubacteria, eukaryotes, and organelles (mitochondria, chloroplasts). A multiple alignment of a large collection of(More)
Protein sequences with similarities to Escherichia coli RecA were compared across the major kingdoms of eubacteria, archaebacteria, and eukaryotes. The archaeal sequences branch monophyletically and are most closely related to the eukaryotic paralogous Rad51 and Dmc1 groups. A multiple alignment of the sequences suggests a modular structure of RecA-like(More)
Conflicting results often accompany phylogenetic analyses of RNA, DNA, or protein sequences across diverse species. Causes contributing to these conflicts relate to ambiguities in identifying homologous characters of alignments, sensitivity of tree-making methods to unequal evolutionary rates, biases in species sampling, unrecognized paralogy, functional(More)
The hyperthermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus shibatae contains group II chaperonins, known as rosettasomes, which are two nine-membered rings composed of three different 60 kDa subunits (TF55 alpha, beta and gamma). We sequenced the gene for the gamma subunit and studied the temperature-dependent changes in alpha, beta and gamma expression, their(More)
We analyzed several features of five currently available delta-proteobacterial genomes, including two aerobic bacteria exhibiting predatory behavior and three anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacteria. The delta genomes are distinguished from other bacteria by several properties: (i) The delta genomes contain two "giant" S1 ribosomal protein genes in contrast to(More)