Luciano Beccaria

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Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) is a rare disorder usually presenting within 6 months of birth. Although several genes have been linked to this disorder, in almost half the cases documented in Italy, the genetic cause remains unknown. Because the Akita mouse bearing a mutation in the Ins2 gene exhibits PNDM associated with pancreatic beta cell(More)
Excess fat and fat-free mass have been extensively described in obese children, whereas few data about bone mineral content (BMC) variations are available in children. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) allows a direct and accurate measurement of three body compartments (fat, lean, and BMC), subdivided into three regions (arms, trunk, and legs). The aim(More)
BACKGROUND Little information on the management and long-term follow-up of patients with biallelic mutations in the chloride channel gene CLCNKB is available. METHODS Long-term follow-up was evaluated from 5.0 to 24 years (median, 14 years) after diagnosis in 13 patients with homozygous (n = 10) or compound heterozygous (n = 3) mutations. RESULTS(More)
We measured bone mineral content (BMC) with single photon absorptiometry in two groups of young patients with type I diabetes: the first group (prospective study) consists of 48 patients followed from onset to the third year of diabetes and the second group (cross-sectional study) consists of 66 long-term diabetics. Bone mineral content at onset of disease(More)
To explore the physiology of cholecystokinin (CCK) in humans, we investigated the effect on gallbladder contraction and gastric emptying of a recently developed CCK receptor antagonist, MK-329. In a double-blind, four-period crossover study eight subjects received single doses of 0.5, 2, or 10 mg MK-329, or placebo, followed by an intravenous infusion of(More)
85 type 1 diabetics aged between 8 and 20 years (mean: 15.06) performed Pattern Reversal Visual Evoked Potentials (PRVEP). In addition all of them were investigated for peripheral neuropathy and 63 subjects for retinopathy. Our study disclosed a subclinical involvement of optic nerve pathways in about 1/4 of diabetic teen-agers. P100 mean latency was(More)
Genital abnormalities and disorders of pubertal development such as hypogonadism are common in Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). Depending on age, PWS patients present genital hypoplasia and delayed or incomplete gonadal maturation. Nevertheless, only a few evaluations have been made of these findings in this syndrome; in the cases previously reported the(More)
OBJECTIVE A recent study evidenced by metyrapone test a central adrenal insufficiency (CAI) in 60% of Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) children. These results were not confirmed in investigations with low [Low-Dose Tetracosactrin Stimulation Test (LDTST), 1 μg] or standard-dose tetracosactrin stimulation tests. We extended the research by LDTST in paediatric(More)
OBJECTIVE A high prevalence (60%) of central adrenal insufficiency (CAI) has been reported in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) using the metyrapone test. We have assessed CAI in adults with PWS using the low-dose short synacthen test (LDSST). DESIGN Basal cortisol and ACTH, and 30-min cortisol after the administration of 1 μg synacthen, were determined in 53(More)