Luciano Alessandroni

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BACKGROUND T cell-mediated immunity plays a central part in the pathogenesis of tissue damage in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The mechanism by which T cells mediate tissue damage during IBD remains unclear, but evidence indicates that T cell-derived cytokines stimulate fibroblasts to synthesise matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which then mediate(More)
Immunologically mediated tissue damage in the gut is associated with increased production of proinflammatory cytokines, which activate the transcription factor NF-kappaB in a variety of different cell types. The mechanisms/factors that negatively regulate NF-kappaB in the human gut and the pathways leading to the sustained NF-kappaB activation in gut(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS T-helper (Th)1 cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of tissue damage in Crohn's disease (CD). Interleukin (IL)-12/STAT4 signaling promotes Th1 cell commitment in CD, but other cytokines are needed to maintain activated Th1 cells in the mucosa. In this study, we examined the expression and role of IL-21, a T-cell-derived cytokine(More)
Injuries of the duodenopancreatic region are rare and difficult to diagnose and treat. The related high mortality is mainly due to the presence of associated lesions. Complex traumas (AAST grade IV and V lesions) require difficult surgical treatment with high postoperative morbidity and mortality rates. In a review of 200 pancreaticoduodenectomies performed(More)
The authors report a case of alone right adrenal metastasis from colon carcinoma discovered incidentally by CT scan imaging 4 years after colon resection in a 74-year-old man. The presence of metastasis in the adrenal glands represents the second most frequent cause of "adrenal incidentaloma", following cortical-adrenal adenomas. The most common primary(More)
AIM Surgery is, at present, the only potentially curative treatment for gastric carcinoma. The curability depends upon the extension and localization of the tumor and, particularly, the lymphatic involvement and the presence of distant metastases. The aim of this paper is to describe the personal experience during the last 2 decades and analyze the results(More)
Despite the technical difficulties, laparoscopic ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease (CD) has become widely accepted in recent years, due to its potential benefits. There are numerous reports concerning the use of laparoscopy in successfully treating CD, including two randomized trials and few comparative studies. For the most part, these reports(More)
It has recently been shown that postoperative radiotherapy combined with 5-fluorouracil (5FU) resulted in an increase of survival and local control in patients with rectal cancer. However, hematological and intestinal toxicity were also increased. Experimental and clinical studies showed an increased radiation effect with an acceptable toxicity by(More)
Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Catheterization is commonly employed in the diagnosis and management of obstructive jaundice associated with malignant lesions. Tumor manipulation as an effort to obtain a histological diagnosis or to establish short or long-term internal-external biliary drainage is liable to disseminate the malignancy along the catheter(More)
Crohn's disease is characterised by a high incidence of perianastomotic recurrence after ileocolic resection. The influence of the anastomotic configuration on the incidence of reoperation was evaluated in patients undergoing resection for Crohn's disease. In our Institution, from 1993 to 2007, 308 consecutive patients affected by ileocolic Crohn's disease(More)