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Although specific mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) identify tumors that are responsive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), these genetic alterations are present in only a minority of patients. Patients with tumors expressing wild-type EGFR lack reliable predictive markers of their clinical response to(More)
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a lethal, virus-associated cancer that lacks effective therapies for advanced disease. Agents blocking the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway have demonstrated objective, durable tumor regressions in patients with advanced solid malignancies and efficacy has been linked to PD-L1 expression in the tumor microenvironment. To investigate whether(More)
BACKGROUND To identify new epigenetic markers and further characterize Urothelial Cell Carcinoma (UCC), we tested the promoter methylation (PM) status of 19 genes previously identified as cancer specific methylated genes in other solid tumors. METHODS We used bisulfite sequencing, methylation specific PCR and quantitative methylation specific PCR (QMSP)(More)
Lungs resected for adenocarcinomas often harbour minute discrete foci of cytologically atypical pneumocyte proliferations designated as atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH). Evidence suggests that AAH represents an initial step in the progression to adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) and fully invasive adenocarcinoma.(More)
O6-Methyguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) repairs DNA damage and acts as a tumor suppressor in normal cells by preventing DNA mutations. Several antibodies against MGMT are used for immunohistochemical assessment of this marker and no universal standard is adopted. We evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of MGMT with 5 commercially available(More)
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) that lack a unique 3D structure and comprise a large fraction of the human proteome play important roles in numerous cellular functions. Prostate-Associated Gene 4 (PAGE4) is an IDP that acts as a potentiator of the Activator Protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor. Homeodomain-Interacting Protein Kinase 1 (HIPK1)(More)
Patients with oncogene driven tumors are treated with targeted therapeutics including EGFR inhibitors. Genomic data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) demonstrates molecular alterations to EGFR, MAPK, and PI3K pathways in previously untreated tumors. Therefore, this study uses bioinformatics algorithms to delineate interactions resulting from EGFR(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of global and gene-specific DNA methylation changes as potential biomarkers for gallbladder cancer (GBC) in a cohort from Chile. MATERIAL & METHODS DNA methylation was analyzed through an ELISA-based technique and quantitative methylation-specific PCR. RESULTS Global DNA Methylation Index (p = 0.02) and(More)
BACKGROUND Screening of patients for cancer-driving mutations is now used for cancer prognosis, remission scoring and treatment selection. Although recently emerged targeted next-generation sequencing-based approaches offer promising diagnostic capabilities, there are still limitations. There is a pressing clinical need for a well-validated, rapid,(More)
Widespread characterization of the genomic landscape of tumors has enabled precision treatment strategies. Despite significant advances in development of targeted therapies, patients with tumors sensitive to inhibitors often acquire resistance and succumb to their tumors. The timing and function of gene regulation responsible for resistance remain unknown.(More)
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