Luciana Robino

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OBJECTIVES To analyse the prevalence of resistance to β-lactams and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in Enterobacteriaceae in the paediatric hospital of Uruguay. METHODS A total of 368 enterobacterial isolates collected between 1 May and 30 November 2009 were studied for the presence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), qnr alleles and(More)
In this study, we searched for extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), class 1 and 2 integrons, and qnrA, qnrB and qnrS genes in 56 oxyimino-cephalosporin and/or ciprofloxacin-resistant enterobacterial isolates obtained from the gastrointestinal tract of patients admitted in an Intensive Care Unit in Uruguay. ESBLs were detected in 11 isolates (6 CTX-M-2, 3(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify the mechanisms responsible for respiratory infections by Acinetobacter baumannii in intubated patients and risk factors for digestive colonization and infection by A. baumannii. METHODS We conducted a prospective study in an intensive care unit (ICU) between May 2005 and November 2006, including 175 consecutive patients at the(More)
The formation of intracellular bacterial communities (IBC) has been proposed as a new pathogenic model for urinary tract infections. Scarce reports describe this phenomenon in humans. We describe the presence of IBC in uroepithelial cells of a child with recurrent urinary infections. Urine specimen was collected from a child with Escherichia coli UTI and(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the evolution of antibiotic resistance in isolates of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhimurium (Salmonella Typhimurium) obtained in Uruguay between the years 1976 and 2000, and to determine the incidence of class 1 and 2 integrons in the multi-resistant isolates. METHODS We studied 258 strains of Salmonella(More)
BACKGROUND Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is the most common agent of urinary tract infection (UTI). The classic model of pathogenesis proposes the ascent of UPEC by the urethra and external adherence to the urothelium. Recently, the ability of UPEC to invade urothelial cells and to form intracellular bacterial communities (IBCs) has been described.(More)
1 Departamento de Bacteriología y Virología, Instituto de Higiene, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay 2 Departamento de Pediatría, Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay 3 Departamento de Farmacología y Terapéutica. Hospital de Clínicas “Dr. Manuel(More)
We studied a clinical isolate of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis showing resistance to oxyiminocephalosporins. PCR analysis confirmed the presence of bla(CTX-M-14) linked to IS903 in a 95-kb IncI1 conjugative plasmid. Such a plasmid is maintained on account of the presence of a pndAC addiction system. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) analysis(More)
In the Italian Pertussis Vaccine Trial, data were collected to evaluate the persistence of anti-pertussis antibodies. A sub-cohort of 1275 children was followed for this purpose until a mean age of 21 months. An additional evaluation included pooled cross-sectional analysis of serum specimens collected for analysis of cough illnesses. Antibodies to PT, FHA(More)