Luciana Rita Angeletti

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Despite the significant Italian tradition of important anatomical studies, an outdated law historically influenced by the Catholic church restricts the use of cadavers for teaching and scientific purposes. The object of the present paper was to trace the historical evolution of the Italian anatomical tradition, particularly neuroanatomical studies, in(More)
Votive tablets found during the excavation of shrines of the Graeco-Roman god of medicine (Asklepios or Aesculapius) associate the healing of superficial lesions with contact with the oral cavity of non-poisonous serpents. We suggest that this may have been the empirical exploitation of the healing properties of salivary growth factors. By(More)
King Ferrante I of Aragon, leading figure of the Italian Renaissance, died in 1494. The autopsy of his mummy revealed a tumor infiltrating the small pelvis. We examined the histologic and molecular features of this ancient tumor to investigate its primary origin. Hematoxylin-eosin, Van Gieson, and Alcian Blue staining showed neoplastic cells infiltrating(More)
In spite of the rich iconographic and literary documentation from ancient sources, the skeletal evidence concerning individuals of abnormally short stature in the Greco-Roman world is scarce. The necropolis of Viale della Serenissima/Via Basiliano in Rome, mostly referable to the II century AD, recently yielded the skeleton of an individual characterized by(More)
Classical texts, i.e. Greek treatises on medicine, reached Western Europe during the Middle-Ages by few ways, mainly either directly from the Hellenistic world, or indirectly through versions in the languages of the Middle-East, especially [Syriac]-Arabic. The comparison between Greek manuscripts and translations may be useful for both correction and(More)
Many medical academies were active in Rome during the 17th century; they were promoted by noble patrons, ecclesiastics or eminent physicians, and equipped with libraries. Their role was important in the spreading of the new biomedical thought, founded on the comparison between ideas and experimental data. As an epistemological heritage of Marcello Malpighi(More)
The passage between theurgical to secular rational medicine in the ancient Greece is due to the naturalistic philosophers of the Ionia and the Hippocratic school, between 5th-4th century. However, we have a testimony that both theurgical and rational medicine coexisted in the temples of healing deified gods of medicine, i.e. Asklepion, Amphiaraos, etc. In(More)
The medicine described in Homer's epic is essentially a war medicine. The therapies, such as healing herbs, are a gift of the gods, the healing Apollo and Centaur Chiron. According to Hesiod, the author of Opera et dies (Works and days), in the eighth century medicine was a combination of religious and magical elements along with hygienic rules, dietetics(More)
The three principles to know, to know how and to know how to be are already condensed in the works of Theophilos (7th-9th centuries). Theophilus' De urinis was included in Latin translation in the Articella, probably because of its intermediate position between the texts of high doctrinal value by Hippocrates and Galen (lacking, however, a unifying 'theory(More)