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We have previously shown a differential expression of a family of mitochondrial ncRNAs in normal and cancer cells. Normal proliferating cells and cancer cells express the sense mitochondrial ncRNA (SncmtRNA). In addition, while normal proliferating cells express two antisense mitochondrial ncRNAs (ASncmtRNAs-1 and −2), these transcripts seem to be(More)
Venoms of spiders and wasps are well recognized to present high affinity to the central nervous tissue of many mammalian species. Here we describe the effects of direct exposure of rat (Rattus norvegicus) brains to the crude and denatured venom of the Brazilian social wasp Polybia ignobilis. Lower doses of crude venom injected via intracerebroventricular(More)
Emotion and spatial cognitive aspects were assessed in adult and middle-aged rats using the elevated T-maze (ETM) and the Morris water maze (MWM) tasks. Both adult and middle-aged rats were able to acquire inhibitory avoidance behaviour, though the middle-aged subjects showed larger latencies along the trials, including the baseline, which was significantly(More)
This study aimed to test the hypothesis that there is no difference in the survival rates of molars treated according to the conventional restorative treatment (CRT) using amalgam, atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) using high-viscosity glass ionomer, and ultraconservative treatment (UCT) protocol after 3.5 years. Cavitated primary molars were treated(More)
In the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), our normal antiviral defenses are inappropriately activated, resulting in over-activity of the type I interferon (IFN) pathway. This increased activity of the type I IFN pathway is an important primary pathogenic factor in the disease. Emerging evidence has implicated the antiviral helicases in(More)
Vigna unguiculata (cowpea) is a legume adapted to high temperatures and is sensitive to low temperatures. Temperature is one of the limiting factors of growth and yield for many crops but its effect on cowpea metabolism is not known. We investigated the effect of chilling on activity of vacuolar proton pumps (V-ATPase and V-PPase) and their protein content(More)
Collaborative Learning is a technique used in problem or task resolution where learning occurs through the exchange of knowledge between students, and between students and teachers. In some situations communication between partners is better undertaken through the use of sketches or diagrams. The proposed environment introduces several tools into a computer(More)
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) exhibit excellent nonlinear optical (NLO) properties due to the delocalized π electron states present along their tube axis. Using the open aperture Z-scan method in tandem with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy, we demonstrate the simultaneous tailoring of both electronic and NLO(More)
Global climatic changes as high temperatures and low precipitation contribute to increase cultivated areas affected by high salt soil content. Soil salinity is well known to reduce the ability of plants to take up water and this quickly causes reduction in their growth rate. V-ATPase (EC 3.6.3.14) and V-PPase (EC 3.6.1.1) hydrolytic and proton transport(More)
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