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BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is significantly reduced by prophylaxis with hyperimmune antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) globulins (HBIG) and antiviral drugs. The role of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HBV recurrence remains unclear. We investigated the association(More)
Neurological manifestation is considered a rare complication of dengue infection. Neurological and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings of 13 patients with dengue infection were studied. Seven patients had encephalitis, two had myelitis and four showed Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). No alteration in CSF was found from 57% of those with encephalitis. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Dengue infection is caused by a flavivirus, with 4 virus serotypes (types 1 to 4). The serotypes 2 and 3 represent the principal agents related to nervous system involvement. Neurologic involvement occurs in 4%-5% of dengue infection cases. The major mechanisms of the disease may be related to direct viral infection or postinfectious autoimmune(More)
Histoplasma capsulatum infection involving the larynx is a rare manifestation, especially in immunocompetent individuals and a high index of suspicion is needed to establish the diagnosis correctly. We report a case of a 50-year-old Brazilian man who presented with progressive hoarseness and throat pain for 4 months. Laryngoscopy showed a supraglottic(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumocystis pneumonia usually occurs in immunosuppressed individuals, generally those with underlying T-lymphocyte disorders. Patients with alcoholic liver disease display immune responses consistent with those observed in immunocompromised individuals and alcohol is a potent immunosuppressor. Long-term corticotherapy represents a risk for(More)
In order to draw evidence-based recommendations concerning the management of autoimmune diseases of the liver, the Brazilian Society of Hepatology has sponsored a single-topic meeting in October 18th, 2014 at São Paulo. An organizing committee comprised of seven investigators was previously elected by the Governing Board to organize the scientific agenda as(More)
The pathogenesis of neuroschistosomiasis is largely unknown. Available evidence suggests that it depends on the presence of parasite eggs in the nervous tissue and on the host's immune response. We investigated the presence of immune complexes (ICs) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of four patients with spinal cord schistosomiasis (SCS), and performed their(More)