Lucia Piceni Sereni

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Insulin resistance is a key pathogenic factor of type 2 diabetes (T2DM); in contrast, in type 1 diabetes (T1DM) it is considered a secondary alteration. Increased intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content accumulation and reduced plasma adiponectin were suggested to be pathogenic events of insulin resistance in T2DM. This study was designed to assess whether(More)
Diabetes mellitus frequently complicates cirrhosis but the pathogenic mechanisms are unknown. To assess the contribution of reduced insulin action and secretion, 24 cirrhotic-diabetic patients waiting for liver transplant because of an unresectable hepatocarcinoma underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to assess the beta-cell function and an(More)
To assess whether liver transplantation (LTx) can correct the metabolic alterations of chronic liver disease, 14 patients (LTx-5) were studied 5+/-1 mo after LTx, 9 patients (LTx-13) 13+/-1 mo after LTx, and 10 patients (LTx-26) 26+/-2 months after LTx. Subjects with chronic uveitis (CU) and healthy volunteers (CON) were also studied. Basal plasma leucine(More)
Plasma amino acid concentrations were determined in 28 pregnant women and their infants at term. Samples were obtained from 17 appropriate for gestational age and eight small for gestational age infants at cesarean section, while three small for gestational age fetuses were studied in utero by transabdominal cord sampling by means of ultrasonic guidance.(More)
We prospectively screened for liver disease patients with cystic fibrosis who were more than 3 years of age and who were followed at the cystic fibrosis center of the University of Milan. From January 1991 to December 1992, we screened 189 patients; clinical, biochemical, and echographic abnormalities suggestive of overt liver disease were present in 34(More)
Insulin was shown to induce protein anabolism in vivo mainly by inhibiting proteolysis. Heterotopic pancreas transplantation in type 1 diabetes mellitus is characterized by peripheral hyperinsulinemia due to systemic rather than portal insulin delivery. Therefore, we studied the postabsorptive muscle protein metabolism in type 1 diabetic patients with or(More)
Extrahepatic glucose release was evaluated during the anhepatic phase of liver transplantation in 14 recipients for localized hepatocarcinoma with mild or absent cirrhosis, who received a bolus of [6,6-2H2]glucose and l-[3-13C]alanine or l-[1,2-13C2]glutamine to measure glucose kinetics and to prove whether gluconeogenesis occurred from alanine and(More)
Fetal plasma amino acid concentrations were obtained by cordocentesis at midgestation in 11 normal (appropriate for gestational age) fetuses and at late gestation in 12 small-for-gestational-age fetuses, and at cesarean section in 14 normal term infants. In normal fetuses total molar amino acid concentrations and fetal/maternal total molar concentration(More)