Lucia Petrelli

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Nerve growth factor (NGF) is largely known as a target-derived factor responsible for the survival and maintenance of the phenotype of specific subsets of peripheral neurones and basal forebrain cholinergic nuclei during development and maturation. However, NGF also exerts a modulatory role on sensory, nociceptive nerve physiology during adulthood that(More)
Mast cells play a key role in inflammatory reactions triggered by tissue injury or immune perturbations. Little is known about endogenous molecules and mechanisms capable of modulating inappropriate mast cell activity. N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)hexadecanamide (palmitoylethanolamide), found in peripheral tissues, has been proposed to act as a local autacoid capable(More)
The amino acid L-glutamate is a neurotransmitter that mediates fast neuronal excitation in a majority of synapses in the central nervous system. Glutamate stimulates both N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptors. While activation of NMDA receptors has been implicated in a variety of neurophysiologic processes, excessive NMDA receptor stimulation(More)
BACKGROUND Heart valve bioprostheses for cardiac valve replacement are fabricated by xeno- or allograft tissues. Decellularization techniques and tissue engineering technologies applied to these tissues might contribute to the reduction in risk of calcification and immune response. Surprisingly, there are few data on the cell phenotypes obtained after(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds isolated from valvulated conduits can be useful in developing durable bioprostheses by tissue engineering provided that anatomical shape, architecture, and mechanical properties are preserved. As evidenced by SEM, intact scaffolds were derived from porcine aortic valves by the combined use of Triton X-100 and cholate(More)
The B subunit of cholera toxin, which binds specifically to GM1 ganglioside on cell surfaces, has previously been shown to modulate intracellular calcium levels and growth in several cell types. To explore a role for such changes in calcium in the growth regulatory function of cell-associated GM1 in neurons, dissociated neurons from chicken embryonic day 8(More)
The glioma cell line C6 was used to study the expression and growth-dependent regulation of the nerve growth factor (NGF) tyrosine kinase receptor gp140trk, which is the mature protein product of the trk proto-oncogene. Chemical cross-linking of 125I-NGF to C6 cells, followed by immunoprecipitation with polyclonal anti-NGF antibodies and separation by(More)
The regulatory role of FSH on phosphodiesterase was studied in immature Sertoli cells in culture. Cells were prepared from 15-day-old immature rats, cultured for 3 days in defined medium, and then stimulated for 24 h with gonadotropin or with other factors known to regulate Sertoli cell cAMP. All agents that increased cAMP intracellular levels also had an(More)
The roles played by various determinants in physiological, pathological or experimental calcification are still unclear. In this investigation, new insights were gained into structural changes occurring in porcine aortic valves undergoing mineralization in the rat subdermal model and then subjected to reactions with cationic phthalocyanines (PHTs), at(More)
Neuropeptides B and W (NPB and NPW) are endogenous ligands of two G protein-coupled receptors, named GPR7 and GPR8. GPR7 and GPR8 are expressed in the adrenal cortex, and there is evidence that NPB and NPW stimulate glucocorticoid secretion from human adrenocortical cells by activating protein kinase (PK) A and PKC signaling. To gain insight into the role(More)