Lucia Perego

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Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion. In the advanced stages of the disease, beta-cell dysfunction worsens and insulin therapy may be necessary to achieve satisfactory metabolic control. Studies in autopsies found decreased beta-cell mass in pancreas of people with type 2 diabetes. Apoptosis, a constitutive(More)
Uncoupling protein (UCP)-2 is a member of the mitochondrial inner membrane carriers that uncouple pro-ton entry in the mitochondrial matrix from ATP synthesis. The -866G/A polymorphism in the UCP2 gene, which enhances its transcriptional activity, was associated with enhanced risk for type 2 diabetes in obese subjects. We addressed the question of whether(More)
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) are mitogenic for fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells. IGF-1 increases in inflamed and fibrotic tissues and induces proliferation of rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC). This study evaluates the potential roles of these hormones in the development of liver fibrosis. Insulin and IGF-1 receptor expression was(More)
Increase in adipose mass results in obesity and modulation of several factors in white adipose tissue (WAT). Two important examples are tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and leptin, both of which are upregulated in adipose tissue in obesity. In order to isolate genes differentially expressed in the WAT of genetically obese db/db mice compared to their(More)
OBJECTIVE The C-174G promoter polymorphism of the interleukin (IL)-6 gene was found to influence transcriptional activity and plasma IL-6 levels in humans. We addressed the question of whether the C-174G IL-6 polymorphism contributes to variation of insulin sensitivity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Two cohorts of subjects were genotyped. Cohort 1 includes(More)
BACKGROUND In type 1 diabetes (T1D) vascular complications such as accelerated atherosclerosis and diffused macro-/microangiopathy are linked to chronic hyperglycemia with a mechanism that is not yet well understood. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) worsens most diabetic complications, particularly, the risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We investigated the expression of estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta subtypes in cholangiocytes of normal and bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats and evaluated the role and mechanisms of estrogens in the modulation of cholangiocyte proliferation. METHODS ER-alpha and ER-beta were analyzed by immunohistochemistry, reverse-transcription(More)
Insulin and angiotensin II are hormones that play pivotal roles in the control of two vital and closely related systems, the metabolic and the circulatory systems, respectively. A failure in the proper action of each of these hormones results, to a variable degree, in the development of two highly prevalent and commonly overlapping diseases-diabetes(More)
Information about the mechanisms of meiotic arrest and resumption of meiosis in feline oocytes is still limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the presence of gonadotropins during IVM, on meiotic progression in relation to the status of gap junction mediated communications between oocyte and cumulus cells, to the cAMP intracellular(More)
Effects of long-term antiepileptic therapy on the hypothalamic-pituitary axis were evaluated from the basal and stimulated plasma levels of growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) and from circadian adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)/cortisol rhythms. Data for patients with well-controlled epilepsy of mild-to-moderate severity were compared with those for(More)