Lucia Pellizzari

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Most homeodomains bind to DNA sequences containing the motif 5'-TAAT-3'. The homeodomain of thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1HD) binds to sequences containing a 5'-CAAG-3' core motif, delineating a new mechanism for differential DNA recognition by homeodomains. We investigated the molecular basis of the DNA binding specificity of TTF-1HD by both(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a multisystemic disease caused by the expansion of a CTG repeat, located in the 3'-untranslated region of the DMPK gene. The number of CTG repeats broadly correlates with the overall severity of the disease. However, correlations between CTG repeat number and presence/absence or severity of individual clinical manifestations in(More)
Pax proteins are transcriptional regulators controlling a variety of cell fates during animal development. This role depends on the intact function of the paired (Prd) domain that is able to recognize specific DNA sequences. The Prd domain is composed of two distinct helix-turn-helix subdomains, PAI and RED. Molecular functions of Pax proteins are subjected(More)
The homeodomain (encoded by the homeobox) is the DNA-binding domain of a large variety of transcriptional regulators involved in controlling cell fate decisions and development. Mutations of homeobox-containing genes cause several diseases in humans. A variety of missense mutations giving rise to human diseases have been described. These mutations are an(More)
Pax proteins are transcription factors that control differentiation of several cell types. In adult organisms Pax-8 is expressed in the follicular thyroid cell where it interacts with sequences of thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase promoters. In this study, we provide evidence indicating that Pax-8 protein levels regulate thyroglobulin gene transcription.(More)
A new restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis has been developed for hepatitis C virus (HCV) typing in the viral 5' non-coding region and contiguous core region. These genomic sequences were chosen for the relative nucleotide homology among different genotypes and for the presence of polymorphic sites. By employing two endonucleases (AccI(More)
Redox potential controls the DNA-binding activity of several transcription factors. In some cases, the regulation of DNA-binding activity by the redox state is mediated by the Ref-1 nuclear protein. In this study, we demonstrate that Ref-1 is able to induce "in vitro" the DNA-binding activity of the Pax-8 paired domain. In co-transfection experiments, Ref-1(More)
The thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) is a tissue-specific transcription factor involved in the development of thyroid and lung. TTF-1 contains two transcriptional activation domains (N and C domain). The primary amino acid sequence of the N domain does not show any typical characteristic of known transcriptional activation domains. In aqueous solution(More)
The Ref-1 (also called APE or HAP1) protein is a bifunctional enzyme impacting on a wide variety of important cellular functions. It acts as a major member of the DNA base excision repair pathway. Moreover, Ref-1 stimulates the DNA-binding activity of several transcription factors (TFs) through the reduction of highly reactive cysteine residues. Therefore,(More)
The molecular basis for the DNA binding specificity of the thyroid transcription factor 1 homeodomain (TTF-1HD) has been investigated. Methylation and ethylation interference experiments show that the TTF-1HD alone recapitulates the DNA binding properties of the entire protein. Studies carried out with mutant derivatives of TTF-1HD indicate a precise(More)