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Most homeodomains bind to DNA sequences containing the motif 5'-TAAT-3'. The homeodomain of thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1HD) binds to sequences containing a 5'-CAAG-3' core motif, delineating a new mechanism for differential DNA recognition by homeodomains. We investigated the molecular basis of the DNA binding specificity of TTF-1HD by both(More)
Pax proteins are transcriptional regulators controlling a variety of cell fates during animal development. This role depends on the intact function of the paired (Prd) domain that is able to recognize specific DNA sequences. The Prd domain is composed of two distinct helix-turn-helix subdomains, PAI and RED. Molecular functions of Pax proteins are subjected(More)
The thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) is a tissue-specific transcription factor involved in the development of thyroid and lung. TTF-1 contains two transcriptional activation domains (N and C domain). The primary amino acid sequence of the N domain does not show any typical characteristic of known transcriptional activation domains. In aqueous solution(More)
Pax proteins are transcription factors that control differentiation of several cell types. In adult organisms Pax-8 is expressed in the follicular thyroid cell where it interacts with sequences of thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase promoters. In this study, we provide evidence indicating that Pax-8 protein levels regulate thyroglobulin gene transcription.(More)
The Ref-1 (also called APE or HAP1) protein is a bifunctional enzyme impacting on a wide variety of important cellular functions. It acts as a major member of the DNA base excision repair pathway. Moreover, Ref-1 stimulates the DNA-binding activity of several transcription factors (TFs) through the reduction of highly reactive cysteine residues. Therefore,(More)
Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) activate the sodium iodide symporter (NIS) expression in thyroid tumor cells. In this study, mechanisms accounting for these effects were investigated. Various human thyroid tumor cell lines (ARO, BCPAP, FRO, TPC-1) were treated with the HDAC inhibitors Na butyrate (NaB) and tricostatin A (TSA), and the effects on(More)
BACKGROUND The homeobox gene HEX is expressed in several cell types during different phases of animal development. It encodes for a protein localized in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm. During early mouse development, HEX is expressed in the primitive endoderm of blastocyst. Later, HEX is expressed in developing thyroid, liver, lung, as well as in(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a multisystemic disease caused by the expansion of a CTG repeat, located in the 3'-untranslated region of the DMPK gene. The number of CTG repeats broadly correlates with the overall severity of the disease. However, correlations between CTG repeat number and presence/absence or severity of individual clinical manifestations in(More)
The molecular basis for the DNA binding specificity of the thyroid transcription factor 1 homeodomain (TTF-1HD) has been investigated. Methylation and ethylation interference experiments show that the TTF-1HD alone recapitulates the DNA binding properties of the entire protein. Studies carried out with mutant derivatives of TTF-1HD indicate a precise(More)
The homeodomain-containing protein Hex (also named Prh) is expressed in primitive endoderm (during the early phases of development), in some endoderm-derived tissues and in endothelial and hematopoietic precursors. Hex expression is exting-uished during terminal differentiation of endothelial and hematopoietic cells as well as in adult lung. Previous(More)