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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment efficacy and patient acceptability of a new bipolar probe used during office hysteroscopic treatment of benign intrauterine pathologies. METHODS In this observational clinical study, 501 women were treated for benign intrauterine pathologies using an office hysteroscopic procedure, without(More)
PURPOSE Although the anti-EGF receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody cetuximab is an effective strategy in colorectal cancer therapy, its clinical use is limited by intrinsic or acquired resistance. Alterations in the "sphingolipid rheostat"-the balance between the proapoptotic molecule ceramide and the mitogenic factor sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)-due to(More)
Src tyrosine kinase overactivation has been correlated with a poor response to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) inhibitors in breast cancer. To identify the mechanism by which Src overexpression sustains this resistance, we tested a panel of breast cancer cell lines either sensitive or resistant to lapatinib. To determine the role of Src in(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple lines of evidence support that the Hedgehog (Hh) signalling has a role in the maintenance and progression of different human cancers. Therefore, inhibition of the Hh pathway represents a valid anticancer therapeutic approach for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. NVP-LDE225 is a Smoothened (Smo) antagonist that induces dose-related(More)
BACKGROUND Cetuximab is the only targeted agent approved for the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), but low response rates and disease progression are frequently reported. As the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathways have an important role in the pathogenesis of HNSCC, we(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to study key signalling proteins involved in angiogenesis and proliferation on the response to inhibitors of tyrosine kinases and mammalian target of rapamycin in first- and in second-line treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS In a panel of human RCC tumours, in vitro and in nude mice, we evaluated the effect of sunitinib,(More)
BACKGROUND Targeting the mammalian target of rapamycin by everolimus is a successful approach for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) therapy. The Toll-like receptor 9 agonist immune modulatory oligonucleotide (IMO) exhibits direct antitumour and antiangiogenic activity and cooperates with both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth(More)
Clusterin (CLU) is a stress-activated molecular chaperone that confers treatment resistance to taxanes when highly expressed. While CLU inhibition potentiates activity of taxanes and other anti-cancer therapies in preclinical models, progression to treatment-resistant disease still occurs implicating additional compensatory survival mechanisms. Taxanes are(More)
Several antiangiogenic agents have been approved in the last few years for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), including the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors everoli-mus and temsirolimus. mTOR is a ser-ine-threonine kinase that regulates cell growth, metabolism, proliferation, and motility by integrating a variety of signals that(More)
Introduction and objectives: Metastatic penile squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) is associated with dismal outcomes with median overall survival (OS) of 6-12 months in the first-line and <6 months in the salvage setting. Given the rarity of this disease, randomized trials are difficult. Prognostic risk models may assist in rational drug development by(More)