Learn More
With the introduction of multiple ovulation, embryo recovery and transfer techniques (MOET) plus embryo freeze-thaw methods in the early 1980s, the breeding industry has the tools in hand to increase the number of calves from donors of high genetic merit. In the early 1990s, the introduction of ovum pick-up followed by in vitro embryo production (OPU-IVP)(More)
Scrapie is a fatal infectious neurodegenerative disease for which susceptibility is associated with polymorphisms in the ovine prion protein (PrP) gene. Scrapie-eradication programmes are based on eliminating the susceptible VRQ allele and/or breeding for the resistant ARR allele. In rare breeds or breeds with a low frequency of the ARR allele this can lead(More)
The Large Offspring Syndrome has frequently been reported for in vitro produced calves. The objective of this study was to determine whether any differences in body dimensions (biparietal diameter of the cranium (BPD), cross-section of the abdomen at the insertion of the umbilical cord (CAU)) and heart rate (FHR) can be detected during the first 108 days of(More)
Within breeds and other captive populations, the risk of high inbreeding rates and loss of diversity can be high within (small) herds or subpopulations. When exchange of animals between different subpopulations is organised according to a rotational mating scheme, inbreeding rates can be restricted. Two such schemes, a breeding circle and a maximum(More)
The expression of oestrous behaviour in Holstein Friesian dairy cows has progressively decreased over the past 50 years. Reduced oestrus expression is one of the factors contributing to the current suboptimal reproductive efficiency in dairy farming. Variation between and within cows in the expression of oestrous behaviour is associated with variation in(More)
The interval from calving to first luteal activity (CLA) has been suggested as an unbiased and, therefore, preferable measure for selection on female fertility in dairy cattle. However, measurement of this interval for individual cows is not feasible for reasons of cost and labor associated with the necessary frequent (milk) progesterone measurements. The(More)
  • 1