Lucia I Comi

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To assess the incidence, nature and evolution of cardiac disease in Duchenne muscular dystrophy, 328 patients were studied between 1976 and 1987 for periods varying from 3 to 11 years. Patients underwent regular clinical examination, electrocardiography, echocardiography and radiological assessment. Pre-clinical cardiac involvement was found in 25% of(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the presence and behavior of the dystrophinopathic myocardial damage in female carriers of a gene defect at the Xp21 locus of the X chromosome that causes Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD). DESIGN Cohort study from April 1, 1985, to April 30, 1995, with cardiologic follow-up performed yearly for a minimum of(More)
Aim of the study was to investigate whether the administration of gentamicin could restore dystrophin expression in striated muscles of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy caused by premature stop codon, as reported in mdx mice. Four Duchenne patients, still ambulant or in wheelchair stage for less than 4 months, selected among those with point(More)
Within the Campania region of southern Italy a prospective study on X-linked progressive muscular dystrophy was conducted over a period of 12 years from 1969 to 1980, inclusive. The mean incidence rate was 21.7 per 100,000 male livebirths for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) cases and 3.2 per 100,000 male livebirths for Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD)(More)
Sarcoglycanopathies constitute a subgroup of limb-girdle recessive muscular dystrophies due to defects in sarcoglycan complex that comprises five distinct transmembrane proteins called alpha-, beta-, gamma-, delta-and epsilon-sarcoglycans. As it is well known that sarcoglycans are expressed both in heart and in skeletal muscles and a complete deficiency in(More)
We compare the long-term benefits and side effects of deflazacort using two treatment protocols from Naples (N) and Toronto (T). Boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy between the ages of 8 and 15 years and who had four or more years of deflazacort treatment were reviewed. Diagnostic criteria included males with proximal muscle weakness evident before 5(More)
To evaluate the features and the course of cardiomyopathy in Becker muscular dystrophy, 68 patients--identified by clinical assessment and by reduced dystrophin labeling and/or DNA analysis--were followed in the years 1976-1993, for periods ranging from 3 to 18 years (mean 8). Patients periodically underwent clinical, electrocardiographic,(More)
Clinical, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic and other instrumental examinations were performed on 233 persons primarily seeking genetic advice about the Duchenne/Becker gene in order to reveal the incidence of dystrophic cardiomyopathy in a population of females with a close relationship with patients suffering from Duchenne or Becker muscular(More)
Sudden cardiac death is a dramatic, undesirable event that can often result from cardiomyopathies. To investigate the validity of the QTdispersion (QTd) in revealing regional heterogeneity of repolarisation, with consequent possibility of sudden death, we evaluated ECGs of patients affected by Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). This is an X linked recessive(More)
The correlations between the type of gene mutation and the cardiac clinical picture were examined in 284 patients with dystrophinopathy (200 Duchenne and 84 Becker). The subjects with normal heart showed deletions including exons 48-49 in 21.4% DMD and in 25% BMD, and other deletions in 35.7% DMD and 25% BMD; vice versa the cases with severe cardiac(More)