Lucia Fischetti

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The NGR peptide motif is an aminopeptidase N (CD13) ligand that targets angiogenic blood vessels. NGR-containing peptides have proven useful for delivering cytotoxic drugs, proapoptotic peptides, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF) to tumor vasculature. Given that CD13 is not only expressed in the angiogenic endothelium but also in other cell types, the(More)
PURPOSE Keratoconus (KC) is the most common indication for corneal transplantation in the Western world, with etiologic mechanisms still poorly understood. The disease prevalence in the general population is approximately 1:2000, and familial aggregation, together with increased familial risk, suggests important genetic influences on its pathogenesis. To(More)
OBJECTIVE Factors governing events between exposure of male genital mucosa surfaces and the establishment of infection are poorly understood. Furthermore, little is known about the safety and efficacy of microbicides on male genital mucosa. DESIGN Here we present a novel penile tissue explant model to characterize the mechanisms of HIV-1 infection of male(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype C is the dominant subtype globally, due largely to the incidence of subtype C infections in sub-Saharan Africa and east Asia. We compared the relative replicative fitness (ex vivo) of the major (M) group of HIV-1 subtypes A, B, C, D, and CRF01_AE and group O isolates. To estimate pathogenic fitness,(More)
Cystinuria is a rare inherited disorder characterized by defective renal reabsorption of cystine and the dibasic amino acids. SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 have been identified as responsible genes. The large majority of the more than 200 mutations so far identified in the two genes are point mutations, while only few alleles carrying gross genomic alterations have(More)
A structurally novel candidate microbicide, PPCM, which is formed from the reaction of D,L-mandelic acid with sulfuric acid, provides activity against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) and is not cytotoxic. The objectives of the current studies were to comprehensively evaluate the activity of PPCM in cell and explant(More)
BACKGROUND In evaluating a photochemical treatment process for inactivating parvovirus B19, there lacked simple culture methods to measure infectivity. The recently developed enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISpot) infectivity assay uses late-stage erythropoietic progenitor cells and is labor intensive and time consuming. We evaluated a novel, efficient(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission results from infection with one or a small number of variants from the donor quasispecies. Transmitted/founder (T/F) viruses have recently been identified from acutely infected patients, but the way in which they interact with primary targets of HIV-1 infection is poorly understood. We have conducted(More)
Phylogenetic analysis of Ghanaian plasma samples from 84 asymptomatic candidate blood donors and 150 AIDS patients revealed a 63% prevalence of HIV-1 CRF02_AG. HIV-1 viral load in both populations was quantified using real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. In asymptomatic candidate blood donors infected with CRF02_AG, the viral load was(More)
Mutations in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes cause cystinuria (OMIM 220100), an autosomal recessive disorder of amino acid transport and reabsorption in the proximal renal tubule and in the epithelial cells of the gastrointestinal tract. In an attempt to characterize the molecular defect in the SLC3A1 and SLC7A9 genes, we analyzed a cohort of 85 unrelated(More)