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Accelerated aging was performed by incubation of wheat seeds at 40 degrees C and 100% relative humidity for 3, 4, 6, 10, and 14 days. The effects of the treatment on seed germinability and on several biochemical characteristics of flour (carotenoids, free radical and protein contents, and proteolytic activity) and gluten (free radical content and(More)
A response when wheat is grown in excess copper is an altered lipid composition of the root plasma membrane (PM). With detailed characterisation of the root PM lipid composition of the copper-treated plants as a basis, in the present study, model systems were used to gain a wider understanding about membrane behaviour, and the impact of a changed lipid(More)
Seeds of bread wheat were incubated at 40 degrees C and 100% relative humidity for 0, 3, 4, 6, and 10 days. The effects of accelerated aging on seed germinability and some biochemical properties of flour (carotenoid, free radical, and protein contents and proteolytic activity) and gluten (free radical content and flexibility) were investigated. Seed(More)
The effects of accelerated aging of wheat seeds on structural and dynamic properties of dry and hydrated (ca 10 wt % H(2)O) flour at a molecular level were investigated by several high and low resolution solid-state NMR techniques. Identification and characterization of domains with different mobility was performed by (13)C direct excitation (DE) and(More)
In this study, the interaction of cisplatin (1) and two potential antitumoral Pt(II) complexes (2 and 3) with a model DMPC bilayer was investigated by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and MD simulations in order to understand its implication for the different antitumoral properties shown by the three complexes. In particular, (31)P, (13)C and (2)H solid state(More)
Nine spice and aromatic herb samples (i.e., basil, bird pepper, black pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg, oregano, parsley, rosemary, and sage) were gamma-irradiated at a dose of 10 kGy according to commercial practices. The effects of the disinfection treatment on the content of organic radicals and some nutrients (namely, vitamin C and carotenoids) in the samples(More)
EPR spectroscopy was applied to investigate the effects of the treatment of Candida albicans cells with fluconazole (FLC) and two newly synthesized azoles (CPA18 and CPA109), in a concentration not altering yeast morphology, on the lipid organization and dynamics of the plasma membrane. Measurements were performed in the temperature range between 0°C and(More)
A maize mutant defective in the synthesis of phytic acid during seed maturation was used as a tool to study the consequences of the lack of this important reserve substance on seed survival. Data on germinability, free iron level, free radical relative abundance, protein carbonylation level, damage to DNA, degree of lipid peroxidation, alpha- and(More)
Vital gluten was used as an ideal substrate to investigate the role of some proteases in storage protein degradation. Aspartic proteinase and carboxypeptidase were identified as endogenous enzymes adsorbed on gluten and their optimum pH values determined. SDS-PAGE of soluble products released by gluten digestion revealed that the activity of these proteases(More)
Water-soluble eight-armed poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(l-lactide) star block copolymers linked by an amide or ester group between the PEG core and the PLA blocks (PEG-(NHCO)-(PLA)(8) and PEG-(OCO)-(PLA)(8)) were synthesized by the stannous octoate catalyzed ring-opening polymerization of l-lactide using an amine- or hydroxyl-terminated eight-armed star PEG.(More)