Lucia Billeci

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BACKGROUND Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are associated with widespread alterations in white matter (WM) integrity. However, while a growing body of studies is shedding light on microstructural WM alterations in high-functioning adolescents and adults with ASD, literature is still lacking in information about whole brain structural connectivity in(More)
Non-invasive fetal heart rate is of great relevance in clinical practice to monitor fetal health state during pregnancy. To date, however, despite significant advances in the field of electrocardiography, the analysis of abdominal fetal ECG is considered a challenging problem for biomedical and signal processing communities. This is mainly due to the low(More)
Morphometric analysis of neurons and brain tissue is relevant to the study of neuron circuitry development during the first phases of brain growth or for probing the link between microstructural morphology and degenerative diseases. As neural imaging techniques become ever more sophisticated, so does the amount and complexity of data generated. The(More)
Non-invasive monitoring of fetal cardiac activity is of great clinical interest to assess fetal health. To date, however, difficulties in detecting fetal beats from abdominal mother recordings prevented the possibility of obtaining reliable results. In this study a multi-step approach for the analysis of non-invasive fetal ECG is proposed. The first steps(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an allergic disorder caused by both immunological dysregulation and epidermal barrier defect. Several studies have investigated the association between AD and mental health disorders. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by impairments in social(More)
Autism-Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are thought to be associated with abnormalities in neural connectivity at both the global and local levels. Quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) is a non-invasive technique that allows a highly precise measurement of brain function and connectivity. This review encompasses the key findings of QEEG application in(More)
processing emotional states, both their own and of others. A humanoid robot, FACE (Facial Automation for Conveying Emotions), capable of expressing and conveying emotions and empathy has been constructed to enable autistic children and adults to better deal with emotional and expressive information. We describe the development of an adaptive therapeutic(More)
The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of using wearable sensors and wireless technology to measure the autonomic function and stress level in the ambulatory setting. Autonomic function was studied acquiring ECG tracings by means of a wearable sensorized chest strap. Galvanic skin response (GSR) was measured as an indicator of stress level(More)
From early infancy onwards, young children appear motivated to engage reciprocally with others and share psychological states during dyadic interactions. Although poor reciprocity is one of the defining features of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), few studies have focused on the direct assessment of real-life reciprocal behavior; consequently, our(More)
BACKGROUND A high prevalence of a variety of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms is frequently reported in patients with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The GI disturbances in ASD might be linked to gut dysbiosis representing the observable phenotype of a "gut-brain axis" disruption. The exploitation of strategies which can restore normal gut microbiota and(More)