Lucas da Rosa Fraga

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AIM To analyze the effect of the two different versions of the manganese superoxide dismutase gene (SOD2) on sepsis. The SOD2 gene presents the 47C>T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; ID: rs4880) which produces MnSOD with different activities. The -9Val MnSOD (47T allele) is less efficient than the -9Ala version (47C allele). During sepsis there are(More)
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is a recognition receptor for the widest repertoire of pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Two polymorphisms of TLR2 could be linked to reduced nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kB) activation and to increased risk of infection (supposed-2029C>T and 2258G>A). We investigated the(More)
The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) plays an important homeostatic role in the cardiovascular system (CVS) by maintaining appropriate blood pressure through production of nitric oxide. The 894TT genotype of 894G>T (Glu298Asp, rs1799983), a polymorphic variant of eNOS, has been associated with several vascular diseases. On the basis of this strong(More)
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is defined as the occurrence of two or more consecutive pregnancy losses. It is an important reproductive condition with a complex etiology. In approximately 50% of RPL cases an explanation for the cause is not found and they are therefore classified as idiopathic RPL. One of the causes implicated in RPL is thrombophilia,(More)
The p53 protein is known for performing essential functions in the maintenance of genomic stability in somatic cells and prevention of tumor formation. Studies of the p53 signaling pathway have suggested associations between some polymorphisms and infertility, post-in vitro fertilization implantation failure and recurrent abortions. The TP53 Pro72Arg(More)
HLA-G is a molecule essential to the maintenance of the maternal-fetal interface tolerance, thus contributing to a healthy pregnancy. Here we investigate the role of HLA-G single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and whether a specific HLA-G haplotype influence or not recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) risk. A total of 296 DNA samples from RPL (N=140) and(More)
The p53 family and its regulatory pathway play an important role as regulators of developmental processes, limiting the propagation of aneuploid cells. Its dysfunction or imbalance can lead to pathological abnormalities in humans. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal polymorphisms TP53 c.215G>C (P72R), TP73 4 c.-30G>A and 14(More)
Thalidomide is one of the most potent teratogens known to humans. It is currently used for many clinical situations such as treatment of leprosy reactions and multiple myeloma. However, the teratogenic mechanisms by which it produces morphological defects still remain unclear. One of the hypotheses is the blockage of angiogenesis by reduction of nitric(More)
Some cases of recurrent first trimester miscarriage have a thrombotic etiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the most common thrombophilic mutations - factor V (FV) Leiden G1691A (FVL), prothrombin (FII) G20210A, and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T - in women with recurrent miscarriages. In this case-control(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have investigated the role of the p53 gene family in reproductive processes. Each member of the gene family acts through different mechanisms: p53 is involved in genomic stability and regulation of blastocyst implantation; p63 acts as a regulator of the quality and maturation of oocytes; and p73 controls the meiotic spindle.(More)