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BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2)-mediated signalling and angiogenesis can contribute to the pathogenesis and progression of gastric cancer. We aimed to assess whether ramucirumab, a monoclonal antibody VEGFR-2 antagonist, prolonged survival in patients with advanced gastric cancer. METHODS We did an(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal duration of first-line chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been a matter for debate for nearly 20 years. In order to elucidate this issue, a meta-analysis comparing the different durations of same treatments was performed. METHODS We searched for all published randomised controlled trials (RCTs)(More)
BACKGROUND The addition of neurokinin-1 receptor (NK1R) antagonists to antiemetic regimens has substantially reduced chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). We sought to systematically review the overall impact of NK1R antagonists on CINV prevention. METHODS We systematically searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases, and meeting(More)
INTRODUCTION Superiority of camptothecin regimens over etoposide-both combined with platinum analogs-in extensive disease small cell lung cancer has been a matter of debate with contradictory findings in randomized trials. A systematic review was sought to elucidate this issue. METHODS Randomized controlled trials comparing first-line(More)
PURPOSE To perform a meta-analysis addressing evaluation bias in local radiologic assessment (LRA) of lesions when compared with independent radiologic review (IRR) in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). MATERIALS AND METHODS MEDLINE, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library, and Web(More)
Despite recent advances in treatment of head and neck cancer, survival has not improved as expected. Bcl-2 family proteins play important role in regulating apoptosis. Recently, newer molecules have been developed for inhibition of Bcl-2 related proteins. We, herein aim to discuss the importance of Bcl-2 family proteins to the development of head and neck(More)
4111 Background: Previous studies showed that continuous intravenous infusion (cIV) of 5-fluorouracil (5FU) is associated with best tumor response in comparison to bolus 5-FU and perhaps, a slight increase of overall survival. There are some non-inferiority trials comparing oral fluoropyrimidines with bolus or cIV of 5FU, but there is still no definitive(More)
Bevacizumab-containing treatment is one of the approved first-line options for the management of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) is a reasonable tumour marker for monitoring the efficacy of treatment. We report here a case of a 58-year-old male patient with metastatic CRC. He received first-line chemotherapy consisting of(More)
Imatinib mesylate represents a revolution in the management of patients with metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). More recently, postoperative imatinib has been shown to improve both disease-free and overall survivals in patients with a high risk of recurrence. This article presents a well-documented case of a patient with painful and(More)