Lucas J. van Vliet

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Fluorescence in situ hybridization allows the enumeration of chromosomal abnormalities in interphase cell nuclei. This process is called dot counting. To estimate the distribution of chromosomes per cell, a large number of cells have to be analyzed, especially when the frequency of aberrant cells is low. Automation of dot counting is required because manual(More)
One of the essential ways in which nonlinear image restoration algorithms differ from linear, convolution-type image restoration filters is their capability to restrict the restoration result to nonnegative intensities. The iterative constrained Tikhonov-Miller (ICTM) algorithm, for example, incorporates the nonnegativity constraint by clipping all negative(More)
An image processing algorithm is presented to reconstruct optical pathlength distributions from images of nonabsorbing weak phase objects, obtained by a differential interference contrast (DIC) microscope, equipped with a charge-coupled device camera. The method is demonstrated on DIC images of transparent latex spheres and unstained bovine spermatozoa. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to report the effect on lesion conspicuity and the practical efficiency of electronic cleansing for CT colonography (CTC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were included from the Walter Reed Army Medical Center public database. All patients had undergone extensive bowel preparation with fecal tagging. A primary 3D(More)
BACKGROUND The ratio of two measured fluorescence signals (called x and y) is used in different applications in fluorescence microscopy. Multiple instances of both signals can be combined in different ways to construct different ratio estimators. METHODS The mean and variance of three estimators for the ratio between two random variables, x and y, are(More)
A temporal phase-unwrapping algorithm has been developed for the analysis of dynamic interference patterns generated with interference-contrast microscopy in micromachined picoliter vials. These vials are etched in silicon dioxide, have a typical depth of 6 mum, and are filled with a liquid sample. In this kind of microscopy, fringe patterns are observed at(More)
Charge-coupled devices (CCD) are nowadays commonly utilized in transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for applications in life sciences. Direct access to digitized images has revolutionized the use of electron microscopy, sparking developments such as automated collection of tomographic data, focal series, random conical tilt pairs and ultralarge(More)
PURPOSE Several phenomena in tablets indicate that an inhomogeneous pore distribution is formed during the compaction process. Examples are lamination and the capping of corners. In order to gain an understanding of the relation between structure and compact properties, analyzing the structure in a location dependent manner would be extremely useful. Our(More)
Today, the resolution in phase-contrast cryo-electron tomography is for a significant part limited by the contrast transfer function (CTF) of the microscope. The CTF is a function of defocus and thus varies spatially as a result of the tilting of the specimen and the finite specimen thickness. Models that include spatial dependencies have not been adopted(More)
Drying of DNA spots on microarrays and spilled coffee yields ringlike stains, because the outward flow transports dissolved particles to the border. Contact line pinning and diffusion limited evaporation of a liquid sample are the two necessary conditions to induce an outward directed liquid flow during evaporation. In this paper we present quantitative(More)