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BACKGROUND Acute ozone (O(3)) exposure results in greater inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in obese versus lean mice. OBJECTIVES We examined the hypothesis that these augmented responses to O(3) are the result of greater signaling through tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2) and/or interleukin (IL)-13. METHODS We exposed lean(More)
Ozone is an air pollutant that causes pulmonary symptoms. In mice, ozone exposure causes pulmonary injury and increases bronchoalveolar lavage macrophages and neutrophils. We have shown that IL-17A is important in the recruitment of neutrophils after subacute ozone exposure (0.3 ppm for 24-72 h). We hypothesized that γδ T cells are the main producers of(More)
Extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-induced intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) changes in acutely isolated vestibular ganglion cells (VGCs) of the guinea pig were investigated using the Ca2+ -sensitive dye Fura-2. Extracellular ATP induced an increase in [Ca2+]i in VGCs in a dose-dependent manner. ATP induced an increase in [Ca2+]i even(More)
Intracellular calcium mobilization of isolated guinea pig cochlear outer hair cells (OHCs) was investigated using thimerosal, a -SH group oxidizing agent, and fura-2 fluorescence ratio imaging microscopy. In the presence of thimerosal, intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) of OHCs were elevated in a dose-dependent manner. Even in Ca(2+)-free medium,(More)
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