Learn More
The radicalization of unbleached lignocellulosic fibers obtained from thermomechanical (TMP) and chemothermomechanical (CTMP) pulps was performed in heterogeneous phase by reaction with dioxygen in the presence of N,N'-ethylenebis(salicylideneiminato)cobalt(II), [Co(salen)], as catalyst. Phenoxy cobalt radicals immobilized in fibers were observed by(More)
In this work, the effect of Trametes pubescens laccase (TpL) used in combination with a low-molecular-weight ultra-filtered lignin (UFL) to improve mechanical properties of kraft liner pulp and chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp was studied. UFL was isolated by ultra-filtration from the kraft cooking black liquor obtained from softwood pulping. This by-product(More)
The use of microwaves is explored in an effort to further improve the recently developed lignin isolation protocol termed EMAL (enzymatic mild acidolysis lignin). Because the presence of the lignin-carbohydrate linkages seems to be rather pronounced within wood, a microwave reactor was used to replace traditional refluxing during the mild acidolysis step.(More)
Historical or archaeological wooden objects are generally better conserved in wet environments than in other contexts. Nevertheless, anaerobic erosion bacteria can slowly degrade waterlogged wood, causing a loss of cellulose and hemicellulose and leading to the formation of water-filled cavities. During this process, lignin can also be altered. The result(More)
Corn stover, Norway spruce, and Eucalyptus grandis were pulverized to different degrees. These samples were subjected to quantitative analyses, upon the basis of predissolution into the imidazolium chloride-based ionic liquids [amim]Cl and [bnmim]Cl followed by labeling of hydroxyl groups as phosphite esters and quantitative (31)P NMR analysis. Analysis of(More)
The opportunity for detecting the presence and the amount of lignin-carbohydrate complexes (LCCs) in renewable feedstocks is a major issue for the complete utilization of biomass. Indeed, LCCs are known to shield cellulose from enzymatic hydrolysis, reducing the efficiency of the digestion processes needed for the production of biobased products. This study(More)
We have proposed and experimentally demonstrated that picosecond time-resolved optical spectroscopy in the visible/near-infrared (NIR) region (700-1040 nm) is a useful technique for noninvasive characterization of wood. This technique has been demonstrated on both softwood and hardwood samples treated in different ways simulating the aging process suffered(More)
A novel and reproducible method is described for accurately determining the molecular weight distribution by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) of whole lignocellulosic materials. This approach offers the opportunity to compare the molecular weight distributions of intact milled woods and its component fractions, lignins and holocelluloses, all from the(More)
In recent years, lignin and extractives from herbaceous plants and crops are receiving increasing attention for their renewability and large annual biomass stock. It is worth noting that only a few studies deal with the chemical characterization of rice husk, a side product of one of the most important crops with regard to human nutrition. Thus, in this(More)
Enantiopure chiral amidic derivatives of sinapic acid were oxidised with hydrogen peroxide using horseradish peroxidase (HRP) as the catalyst to give the aryltetraline dilignol thomasidioic acid. Trans-diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity in the formation of thomasidioic acid was observed. Computational methods show that the enantioselectivity is(More)