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Nearly two-dimensional (2D) metallic systems formed in charge inversion layers and artificial layered materials permit the existence of low-energy collective excitations, called 2D plasmons, which are not found in a three-dimensional (3D) metal. These excitations have caused considerable interest because their low energy allows them to participate in many(More)
We report here on a new experimental apparatus combining a commercial low temperature scanning tunneling microscope with a supersonic molecular beam. This setup provides a unique tool for the in situ investigation of the topography of activated adsorption systems and opens thus new interesting perspectives. It has been tested towards the formation of the(More)
Earth's water is conventionally believed to be delivered by comets or wet asteroids after the Earth formed. However, their elemental and isotopic properties are inconsistent with those of the Earth. It was thus proposed that water was introduced by adsorption onto grains in the accretion disc prior to planetary growth, with bonding energies so high as to be(More)
One of the key steps in nanotechnology is our ability to engineer and fabricate low-dimensional nano-objects, such as quantum dots, nanowires, two-dimensional atomic layers or three-dimensional nano-porous systems. Here we report evidence of nanotunnel opening within the subsurface region of a wide band-gap semiconductor, silicon carbide. Such an effect is(More)
We have investigated oxygen adsorption on Cu(410) by high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy, dosing O2 with a supersonic molecular beam at different surface temperatures and for different angles of incidence and beam energies or by backfilling. In the investigated crystal temperature range (127 < T < 570 K), adsorption is always dissociative.(More)
The interaction of propene with Ag(001) is investigated by high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy and supersonic molecular beam methods under ultra high vacuum conditions. Propene adsorbs molecularly at 110 K and desorbs intact leaving a clean surface after annealing to 160 K. Two adsorption sites, characterized by slightly different vibrational(More)
We demonstrate by vibrational spectroscopy that open steps are the active site for O2 dissociation on Ag(410), and that the barrier to adsorption at defects can be measured by energy and angle resolved investigation of the dynamics of the gas-surface interaction. We identify a molecular adsorption channel with considerably reduced activation barrier and a(More)
We show that in presence of subsurface oxygen, CO oxidation of oxygen precovered Ag͑001͒ modifies the surface in such a way that CO adsorption is stabilized up to crystal temperatures of 160 K. When diffusion is activated new surface oxide phases form, characterized by oxygen both in surface and in subsurface sites and by a high density of states just below(More)
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