Luca Vandin

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Sanfetrinem cilexetil, a hexetil ester of a Trinem antibiotic, does not induce micronuclei in rat bone marrow cells or induce DNA repair synthesis in rat hepatocytes following oral dosing. However, in vitro chromosome damage and mutations are induced in mammalian cells lacking carboxylesterase activity (human lymphocytes and mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells). In(More)
In this work, a first attempt to set-up a new in vitro experimental protocol with culture in liquid medium and flow cytometry analysis of bone marrow progenitors is described. This protocol is proposed as an alternative to the colony-forming unit-granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM) clonogenic in vitro assay currently used to assess the toxic potential of new(More)
This work represents a first attempt to refine the colony-forming unit-granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM) clonogenic assay by incorporating liver microsomes and co-factors as a metabolic system into the in vitro test system in response to an ECVAM recommendation. From the comparison of results obtained with the CFU-GM clonogenic assay currently used and with(More)
The in vitro Comet assay, a sensitive, quick and relatively cheap test, could become a valid alternative to the commonly used in vitro chromosomal aberration test, in the preliminary evaluation of new chemical entities early in the development of new pharmaceuticals. A validation of the Comet assay procedure using whole human blood or CHL cells was carried(More)
BACKGROUND The rat is used often to assess the toxicity of new chemical entities in preclinical drug development. Bilirubin concentration in rat serum is routinely determined by colorimetric methods, but false positive results due to hemolyzed serum or direct interferences by test compounds may occur. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is an automated method(More)
The atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and its precursor (N-terminal fragment of atrial natriuretic peptide, NT-proANP) are natriuretic peptides released into the circulation as a consequence of an acute atrial stretch. As for the brain natriuretic peptide and its N-terminal fragment, the biological significance of ANP and NT-proANP has been widely studied in(More)
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