Luca Roncucci

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PURPOSE Many studies have evaluated the role of high levels of microsatellite instability (MSI) as a prognostic marker and predictor of the response to chemotherapy in colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the results are not conclusive. The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic significance of high levels of MSI (MSI-H) in CRC patients in relation to(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine whether aberrant crypt foci (ACF) similar to those observed in the colons of experimental animals exposed to colon carcinogens could be identified and quantified in the human colon. Twenty-seven colon resections from patients affected by familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP, five cases), colorectal cancer(More)
Colorectal cancer is a major cause of cancer-related death in many countries. Colorectal carcinogenesis is a stepwise process which, from normal mucosa leads to malignancy. Many factors have been shown to influence this process, however, at present, several points remain obscure. In recent years some hypotheses have been considered on the mechanisms(More)
Dukes' stage is the most powerful indicator of patient outcome for colorectal cancer. Several cancer survival studies have considered other prognostic variables, but results are often conflicting. We sought to assess the independent value of several clinical and morphological variables in defining colorectal cancer specific survival. 397 colorectal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by early-onset intestinal neoplasms, localization of tumors in the proximal colon, and frequent association with cancers at other sites, especially the endometrium, skin, and stomach. The identification of HNPCC is often difficult,(More)
Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome) is characterized by the early onset of colorectal neoplasms, frequently localized in the right colon, increased occurrence of multiple primaries, vertical transmission and aggregation of tumours in families in accordance to a Mendelian dominant type of inheritance. The syndrome accounts(More)
Nonrandom, widespread promoter methylation of tumor suppressor genes is a common mechanism of gene inactivation during tumorigenesis. We examined the methylation status of two distinct regions of the MLH1 promoter (proximal and distal to the transcription start site) and the MLH1 gene expression by methylation-specific PCR and immunohistochemistry. A total(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of the most common inherited disorders predisposing to cancer. The genes responsible for the disease have recently been cloned and characterised; their mutations induce a generalised genomic instability which is particularly evident at microsatellite loci (replication error (RER)+(More)
Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis and Muir-Torre syndrome linked to compound biallelic constitutional MYH gene mutations.Peculiar dermatologic manifestations are present in several heritable gastrointestinal disorders. Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a genodermatosis whose peculiar feature is the presence of sebaceous gland tumors associated with(More)
Colonic adenomas represent the natural precursor lesions of most colorectal cancers. The treatment of choice is endoscopic polypectomy. However, after endoscopic removal, polyps recur in a large fraction of cases. Thus, we evaluated the effect of antioxidant vitamins or lactulose on the recurrence rate of adenomatous polyps. After polypectomy, 255(More)