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The beer proteome has been evaluated via prior capture with combinatorial peptide ligand libraries (ProteoMiner as well as a homemade library of reduced polydispersity) at three different pH (4.0, 7.0, and 9.3) values. Via mass spectrometry analysis of the recovered fractions, after elution of the captured populations in 4% boiling SDS, we could categorize(More)
Several pieces of evidence indicate that albumin modified by HNE is a promising biomarker of systemic oxidative stress and that HNE-modified albumin may contribute to the immune reactions triggered by lipid peroxidation-derived antigens. In this study, we found by HPLC analysis that HNE is rapidly quenched by human serum albumin (HSA) because of the(More)
The aim of this work was to study the metabolic fate of 4-hydroxy- trans-2-nonenal (HNE) in human plasma, which represents the main vascular site of reactive carbonyl species (RCS) formation and where the main pro-atherogenic target proteins are formed. When HNE was spiked in human plasma, it rapidly disappeared (within 40 s) and no phase I metabolites were(More)
Carnosine aryl derivatives as sequestering agents of RCS: Reactive carbonyl species (RCS) are cytotoxic mediators representing a novel drug target, as they are presumed to play a pathogenic role in several diseases. Carnosine is a selective RCS-sequestering agent, but is rapidly hydrolyzed by serum carnosinase. Herein we describe the in silico design,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of the well-known radical scavenging compound edaravone (EDA) to entrap and detoxify reactive carbonyl species (RCS) derived from lipid peroxidation [4-hydroxy-trans-2-nonenal (HNE), acrolein and glyoxal], as well as its ability to prevent RCS-induced protein carbonylation, by using hemoglobin (Hb) modified(More)
β-Alanyl-D-histidine (D-CAR, the enantiomer of the natural dipeptide carnosine) is a selective and potent sequestering agent of reactive carbonyl species (RCS) that is stable against carnosinase, but is poorly absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract. Herein we report a drug discovery approach aimed at increasing the oral bioavailability of D-CAR. In our(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate in vitro the quenching activity of green tea polyphenols against alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehyde, using 4-hydroxy-nonenal (HNE) as prototype and HPLC-ESI-MS/MS techniques. HNE is the most abundant and genotoxic product of oxidation of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids, and is believed to be involved in the early(More)
The in vitro metabolic stability of histidine-dipeptides (HD), carnosine (CAR) and anserine (ANS), in human serum, and their absorption kinetics after ingesting pure carnosine or HD rich foods in humans have been investigated. Healthy women (n = 4) went through four phases of taking one dose of either 450 mg of pure carnosine, 150 g beef (B), 150 g chicken(More)
Most of the assays for detection of carbonylated proteins, the most general and widely used marker of severe protein oxidation, involve derivatization of the carbonyl group with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH), which leads to formation of a stable dinitrophenyl hydrazone product. Here, by using a Cys-containing model peptide and high-resolution mass(More)
Cigarette smoke, a complex mixture of over 7000 chemicals, contains many components capable of eliciting oxidative stress, which may induce smoking-related disorders, including oral cavity diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of whole (mainstream) cigarette smoke on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). Cells were exposed to various puffs(More)