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OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to describe the clinical presentation of primary SS (pSS) in a large cohort of patients by assessing the prevalence of the patient subgroups at high risk for severe extraglandular manifestations and to explore the influence of the patients' serological profile on disease severity and on immunosuppressive drug(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and safety in the long term of a retreatment regimen with Rituximab (RTX) alone administered at clinical relapse in cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV). METHODS Thirty patients with severe HCV-related CV, previously enrolled in the multicentre Italian trial on RTX in the treatment of CV, were retrospectively evaluated after(More)
OBJECTIVE To conduct a long-term, prospective, randomized controlled trial evaluating rituximab (RTX) therapy for severe mixed cryoglobulinemia or cryoglobulinemic vasculitis (CV). METHODS Fifty-nine patients with CV and related skin ulcers, active glomerulonephritis, or refractory peripheral neuropathy were enrolled. In CV patients who also had hepatitis(More)
OBJECTIVE Rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, has been used in lupus nephritis and membranous idiopathic nephropathy and has proved effective in non-renal manifestations of type II mixed cryoglobulinaemia (MC) syndrome. We investigated the possible efficacy and safety of rituximab in the treatment of cryoglobulinaemic nephritis. METHODS Five(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate pregnancy and fetal outcomes in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). METHODS An obstetric history of 36 women with established diagnosis of pSS at pregnancy was obtained from a multicenter cohort of 1075 patients. In a subgroup case-control analysis, 12 deliveries in patients with pSS were compared with 96 control(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the role of B-Lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) in mixed cryoglobulinaemia syndrome (MCsn), a systemic vasculitis associated with a high risk to develop lymphoma, since BLyS up-regulation may favour both autoimmunity and lymphoproliferation. METHODS BLyS serum levels were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (positive when(More)
Mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCsn) is a systemic vasculitis prevalently mediated by immune complexes, i.e., mixed cryoglobulins, and characterized by non-neoplastic B-cell lymphoproliferation favouring the progression into frank B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in 5-10% of patients. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is the etiologic agent in the(More)
BACKGROUND Increased expression of B cell activating factor (BAFF or B lymphocyte stimulator) may explain the B cell activation characteristic of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy and safety of belimumab, targeting BAFF, in patients with pSS. METHODS Patients were included in this bi-centric prospective 1-year(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this review was to define a core set of recommendations for the treatment of HCV-associated mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCS) by combining current evidence from clinical trials and expert opinion. METHODS Expert physicians involved in studying and treating patients with MCS formulated statements after discussing the(More)