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The high X-ray flux available at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), combined with the use of a suitably designed area detector setup, allowed us to follow in real time the structural changes occurring during the template burning processes inside TS-1 and Fe-silicalite MFI zeolites with a X-ray powder diffraction technique (XRPD). Rietveld(More)
A model photosensitizer (D5) for application in dye-sensitized solar cells has been studied by a combination of XRD, theoretical calculations, and spectroscopic/chemometric methods. The conformational stability and flexibility of D5 and molecular interactions between adjacent molecules were characterized to obtain the driving forces that govern D5 uptake(More)
Layered double hydroxides (LDH) are versatile materials used for intercalating bioactive molecules, both in pharmaceutical and cosmetic fields, with the purpose of protecting them from degradation, enhancing their water solubility to increase bioavailability, and/or obtaining modified release properties. The properties of the intercalation compounds of(More)
Mixed air pollutants are considered a major cause of DNA damage in living species. In this study Trifolium repens L. cv Regal was used as a bioindicator to assess the genotoxicity of air stressors in the Italian province of Novara. Two on-site biomonitoring experiments were performed during the spring and autumn of 2004. Test plants were exposed at 19(More)
New low-cost photoactive hybrid materials based on organic luminescent molecules inserted into hydrotalcite (layered double hydroxides; LDH) were produced, which exploit the high-throughput liquid-assisted grinding (LAG) method. These materials are conceived for applications in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) as a co-absorbers and in silicon photovoltaic(More)
Urinary excretion of phenol has been valuated in 80 subjects exposed to low concentrations released during a hot pressing process on phenol resins. The subjects belonged to three different work shifts and the study was carried out on the fifth day of exposure. An attempt is made to relate environmental concentrations of phenol and urinary concentrations(More)
A theory is developed to describe the kinematic diffraction response of a crystal when it is subjected to a periodically varying external perturbation. It is shown that if a part of the local electron density varies linearly with an external stimulus, the diffracted signal is not only a function of the stimulation frequency Ω, but also of its double 2Ω.(More)
Dealumination of NH(4)-Y zeolite during steaming to 873 K was investigated with in situ, time-dependent, synchrotron radiation XRPD and in situ Al K-edge XAS. Water desorption is complete at 450 K, and ammonium decomposition occurs between 500 and 550 K. Only a small fraction of Al(3+) species (5%) leaves the framework during heating from 710 to 873 K;(More)
Coralline calcium-hydroxyapatite and calcium carbonate from Porites Porites coral were added to a polymeric matrix based on polyvinyl acetate (POVIAC(®)), to obtain a novel bone substitute composite as well as a system for the controlled drug (cephalexin) release. Composite samples with different compositions were characterized by physical-chemical and(More)
We investigate energy fluxes and small, kilometre-scale Birkeland currents in the magnetospheric cusp at a 1– 3 Earth radii altitude and in the ionosphere using satellites when they were, according to the Tsyganenko model, in magnetic conjunction within 50–60 km and up to 15 min apart. We use Cluster and CHAMP satellites, and study three conjunction events(More)