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Autoimmune diseases include more than 70 different disorders affecting over 5% of the population of the Western countries. They are mainly characterized by female predominance and have great impact on the quality of life of affected subjects. It is generally accepted that ADs are the result of a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors;(More)
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) has been regarded as female-predominant without evidence of gender difference in survival. We aimed to compare the overall survival, incidence and prevalence of PBC in two well defined population-based studies over a recent decade, considering also sex ratios and mortality. We have taken advantage of population-wide(More)
Giltelman syndrome (GS) is a recessive salt-losing tubulopathy of children or young adults caused by a mutation of genes encoding the human sodium chloride cotransporters and magnesium channels in the thiazide-sensitive segments of the distal convoluted tubule. The plasma biochemical picture is characterized by hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria,(More)
Epidemiology is expected to provide important clues to our understanding of the enigmatic etiopathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). First, a systematic review of population based studies indicated a wide range in the yearly incidence (0.33-5.8/100.000) and point prevalence (1.91-40.2/100.000) rates. Though different ethnic representations may(More)
Turner Syndrome (TS) is a common genetic disorder, affecting female individuals, resulting from the partial or complete absence of one sex chromosome, and occurring in approximately 50 per 100,000 liveborn girls. TS is associated with reduced adult height and with gonadal dysgenesis, leading to insufficient circulating levels of female sex steroids and to(More)
OBJECTIVE Aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the Galdakao- Modified Supine Valdivia (GMSV) position in order to predict operative time, stone-free rate and onset of complications taking into account comorbidity, stone-related parameters and anatomic upper urinary tract abnormalities. (More)
Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) represents a non-invasive marker of endothelial function to evaluate vascular homeostasis, which reflects the effects of several mechanisms, including vessel tone regulation, cell proliferation, and inflammatory responses. Beyond classical atherosclerotic risk factors such as arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking,(More)
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