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OBJECTIVES Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity is increased in blood and cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). In addition, in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS, the blockade of ACE suppresses the disease itself. To analyze the genetic association of the ACE gene with MS, we examined ACE(More)
There is tremendous potential for genome sequencing to improve clinical diagnosis and care once it becomes routinely accessible, but this will require formalizing research methods into clinical best practices in the areas of sequence data generation, analysis, interpretation and reporting. The CLARITY Challenge was designed to spur convergence in methods(More)
In the present study we have investigated whether HFE gene polymorphism may play a role in the disease process of Croatian and Slovenian MS patients and their potential genetic susceptibility to MS. We genotyped 314 MS patients and 400 healthy controls for the C282Y and H63D mutations by polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS), and to determine the clinical characteristics and the occurrence of familial MS in the Gorski kotar-Kocevje region, which was previously considered to be a region of high prevalence of MS. METHODS All clinically and laboratory supported definite cases of MS(More)
Previous findings regarding the role of TNF-alpha-308 gene polymorphism in multiple sclerosis (MS) are contradictory. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible influence of TNF-alpha-308 polymorphism on MS susceptibility and the MS disease process in a Croatian and Slovenian population. Genotyping was performed in 338 patients and 460 healthy(More)
A universal biomarker panel with the potential to predict high-risk pregnancies or adverse pregnancy outcome does not exist. Transcriptome analysis is a powerful tool to capture differentially expressed genes (DEG), which can be used as biomarker-diagnostic-predictive tool for various conditions in prenatal setting. In search of biomarker set for predicting(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Huntington's disease (HD) in Slovenia using direct mutation analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Symptomatic patients and presymptomatic individuals at risk for HD referred to the Institute of Medical Genetics between 1997 and 2007 were included in the study. The patients were ascertained(More)
INTRODUCTION Over the last few years, many private companies are advertising direct-to-consumer genetic testing (DTC GT), mostly with no or only minor clinical utility and validity of tests and without genetic counselling. International professional community does not approve provision of DTC GT and situation in some EU countries has been analysed already.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown impaired fibrinolysis in multiple sclerosis (MS) and implicated extracellular proteolytic enzymes as important factors in demyelinating neuroinflammatory disorders. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and its inhibitor (PAI-1) are key molecules in both fibrinolysis and extracellular proteolysis. In the present(More)
X-linked recessive type chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX1) is a congenital disorder of cartilage and bone development with typical findings of stippled epyphises, nasomaxillary hypoplasia and short distal phalanges in a male patient. Disease is caused due to the loss of arylsulfatase E activity and only 55 patients with genetically confirmed disease have(More)