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Early reports indicate that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are novel regulators of biological responses. However, their role in the human innate immune response, which provides the initial defence against infection, is largely unexplored. To address this issue, here we characterize the long non-coding RNA transcriptome in primary human monocytes using RNA(More)
Members of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family and their receptors (BMPRs and activin receptors-ActRs) promote the development of bones with a fine regulation of their expression. Mutations in BMPs or BMPRs cause several diseases, as shown in knockout mice, such as skeletal defects, familial primary pulmonary hypertension and neoplasias.(More)
The gut microbiota profoundly affects the biology of its host. The composition of the microbiota is dynamic and is affected by both host genetic and many environmental effects. The gut microbiota of laboratory mice has been studied extensively, which has uncovered many of the effects that the microbiota can have. This work has also shown that the(More)
A new gene family has been identified on the basis of in-depth bioinformatics analysis of the Down syndrome candidate region 1 (DSCR1) gene, located on 21q22.1. We have determined the complete coding sequences of similar genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Caenorhabditis elegans, as well as that of a novel human gene, named DSCR1L2 (DSCR1-like 2).(More)
Housekeeping (HK) genes are constitutively expressed in order to maintain cellular function. They produce the minimal essential transcripts necessary for normal cellular physiology. Wide range expression, stable expression level and high expression level are independent features of a single gene expression and are all desirable for the definition of an(More)
Down Syndrome (DS) is caused by the presence of three copies of the whole human chromosome 21 (HC21) or of a HC21 restricted region; the phenotype is likely to have originated from the altered expression of genes in the HC21. We apply the cDNA microarray method to the study of gene expression in human T lymphocytes with trisomy 21 in comparison to normal(More)
A novel human gene denominated TruB pseudouridine (psi) synthase homolog 1 (E. coli) (approved symbol, TRUB1) has been identified and characterized. Spanning approximately 40 kb on chromosome 10 and including 8 exons, TRUB1 is the first described human ortholog of bacterial TruB/psi55, a gene involved in tRNA pseudouridinilation. TRUB1 gene encodes a(More)
Few cases of large-scale segmental paralogy have been reported in the human genome. We have identified a large (approximately 500 kb) segment on human chromosome (HC) 21 (21q22) that is triplicated on HC 1 (1p35) and HC 6 (6p12-21). We also identified a new member of CLIC (Chloride Intracellular Channel) family on 21q, namely CLIC6. All three segments(More)
The amino acid sequence of gene products is routinely deduced from the nucleotide sequence of the relative cloned cDNA, according to the rules for recognition of start codon (first-AUG rule, optimal sequence context) and the genetic code. From this prediction stem most subsequent types of product analysis, although all standard methods for cDNA cloning are(More)
CYYR1 is a recently identified gene located on human chromosome 21 whose product has no similarity to any known protein and is of unknown function. Analysis of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) have revealed high human CYYR1 expression in cells belonging to the diffuse neuroendocrine system (DNES). These cells may be the origin of neuroendocrine (NE) tumors.(More)