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PURPOSE Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a pre-renal-like dysfunction that generally onsets in cirrhotic patients presenting ascites. We investigated the improvement of renal function in subjects with hepatorenal syndrome after terlipressin administration and the survival times after this treatment. Fifty-two patients affected by cirrhosis, with diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND Increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress may be of crucial importance in the pathogenesis of endothelial damage. Furthermore, there is understood to be a relationship between endothelial damage, glycemic control, disorders of lipid metabolism, and coagulative hemostatic disorders. OBJECTIVE This study(More)
GOALS To evaluate the effectiveness of psychiatric counseling in reducing the rate of development of psychiatric side effects of antiviral therapy with interferon-α and ribavirin among study participants compared with standard clinical monitoring alone. BACKGROUND Interferon-α is used to treat chronic hepatitis C. Interferons may induce adverse events(More)
RATIONALE Buprenorphine may be a useful alternative option to methadone in addicts. Opioids can produce severe changes in the immune system. OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study are to compare the effect of sublingual buprenorphine and methadone on the immune system and to compare the two substances on the drying-out program compliance. METHODS We(More)
To assess whether pathogenic endothelial dysfunction is involved in acute idiopathic tinnitus we enrolled 44 patients and 25 healthy volunteers. In blood from the internal jugular vein and brachial vein we determined malonaldehyde, 4-hydroxynonenal, myeloperoxidase, glutathione peroxidase, nitric oxide, L-arginine and L-ornitine, thrombomodulin (TM) and von(More)
Hepatitis C infection is associated with B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders, including mixed cryoglobulinaemia and B-cell lymphoma. A direct pathogenetic role of this infection in lymphomagenesis has been suggested but the molecular basis for viral induced B-cell proliferation is still unknown. We report an unusual case of a patient affected by chronic(More)
BACKGROUND The altered status of iron metabolism is reported in hereditary haemochromatosis and in non-alcoholic liver fatty disease. We investigated the relation between the H63D HFE mutation gene and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS We studied as outpatients, 272 Italian persons with NASH and compared them with 430 healthy subjects. Genetic(More)
OBJECTIVE Classic hereditary hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive iron-overload disorder associated with mutation of the HFE gene. The homozygous genetic defect predisposes to a chain of events that may culminate in severe damage in multiple organs. Pathologic implications of heterozygous defect are still questionable; in fact since these individuals(More)
AIM Menopause seems to accelerate the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. Several studies show a significant correlation between elevated homocysteine serum levels and increased cardiovascular risk. Oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Our study aim was to assess the(More)