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The aim of this investigation was to perform a review of the literature dealing with the issue of relationships between dental occlusion, body posture and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). A search of the available literature was performed to determine what the current evidence is regarding: (i) The physiology of the dental occlusion-body posture(More)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the agreement between the clinical Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) examination and magnetic resonance (MR) findings of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc position abnormalities in a sample of clinically symptomatic patients, recruited from a population seeking TMD treatment.(More)
The aim of the present investigation is to test the null hypothesis that the presence of psychopathology in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is related to the presence of pain, independent of its location [(i.e. myofascial and/or temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain]. Ninety-six (n = 96) patients affected by painful TMD underwent a clinical(More)
Patients with degenerative disease of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) who did not respond to conservative medical therapy (splint therapy, selected grinding or physiotherapy) can be treated by arthrocentesis, which is associated with intra-articular injections of sodium hyaluronate (Hyalgan). In this study, we treated ten dysfunctional patients with(More)
AIMS To evaluate the prevalence of different Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) diagnoses in a population of patients seeking for TMD treatment at a tertiary clinic in Northern Italy; to evaluate the pattern of age distribution of RDC/TMD diagnoses and to compare data with those from similar studies in the literature. (More)
This study is an open-label trial on a sample of 76 consecutive patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis treated with a cycle of five weekly arthrocenteses plus hyaluronic acid injections. Patients had a diagnosis of osteoarthritis according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD Axis I Group IIIb).(More)
Hyaluronate acid (HA) injections are gaining attention as a treatment option to manage symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, but updated evidence-based data on their effectiveness are actually lacking. The present paper aims to summarize and review systematically the clinical studies on the use of hyaluronic acid injections to treat TMJ(More)
The present investigation is a preliminary double-blind, controlled placebo, randomized clinical trial with a six month follow-up period. The study aimed to assess the efficacy of type A botulinum toxin (Botox, Allergan, Inc. Irvine, CA) to treat myofascial pain symptoms and to reduce muscle hyperactivity in bruxers. Twenty patients (ten males, ten females;(More)
The present investigations attempted to assess the diagnostic accuracy of commercially available surface electromyography (sEMG) and kinesiography (KG) devices for myofascial pain of jaw muscles. Thirty-six (n = 36) consecutive patients with a research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD) axis I diagnosis of myofascial pain and an(More)
The present investigation was performed in a population of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), and it was designed to assess the correlation between self-reported questionnaire-based bruxism diagnosis and a diagnosis based on history taking plus clinical examination. One-hundred-fifty-nine patients with TMD underwent an assessment including a(More)