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Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells express various types of potassium (K+) channels which play a key role in determining the resting membrane potential, a relative electrical stability and the responsiveness to both contractile and relaxant agents. In addition, K+ channels are also involved in modulation of neurotransmitter release from airway nerves. The(More)
Gabapentin (1-50 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)) was able to antagonize audiogenic seizures in Dilute Brown Agouti DBA2J (DBA/2) mice in a dose-dependent manner. Gabapentin at dose of 2.5 mg/kg i.p., which per se did not significantly affect the occurrence of audiogenic seizures in DBA/2 mice, potentiated the anticonvulsant activity of carbamazepine,(More)
To compare fosfomycin trometamol (FT) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) for antibiotic prophylaxis in transrectal prostate biopsy (TR-PB). Data for 1109 patients (mean age 66.7 ± 8.45) who underwent TR-PB between March to September 2015 in seven Italian urological institutions were retrospectively reviewed, of which 632 received FT (Group 1) and 477 received CIP(More)
Respiratory tract infections caused by both viruses and/or atypical bacteria are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. In particular, several viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus, rhinovirus and influenza/parainfluenza viruses may favour the expression of the asthmatic phenotype, being also implicated in the induction of disease exacerbations.(More)
The anticonvulsant activity of riluzole against sound-induced seizures was studied in the DBA/2 mouse model. Riluzole (0.1-4 mg kg(-1), intraperitoneal (i.p.)) produced dose-dependent effects with ED(50) values for the suppression of tonic, clonic and wild running phases of 0.72, 1.38 and 2.71 mg kg(-1), respectively. Riluzole also protected DBA/2 mice from(More)
Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are one of the commonest causes of medication error in developed countries, particularly in the elderly due to poly-therapy, with a prevalence of 20-40%. In particular, poly-therapy increases the complexity of therapeutic management and thereby the risk of clinically important DDIs, which can both induce the development of(More)
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a thyol amino acid resulting from de-methylation of methionine, an essential amino acid derived from dietary proteins. It is metabolized through two pathways: re-methylation and transsulfuration, which use as cofactors folate, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been identified as a risk factor for cerebrovascular(More)
Many papers documented that Parkinson's disease (PD) patients treated with levodopa (L-dopa) shows elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels. Several lifestyle factors are able to influence plasma Hcy levels. We review the evidence that L-dopa therapy is related with an increase in plasma Hcy levels and that several behaviours could be able to cause changes(More)
Gastro-oesophageal reflux is a common clinical disorder associated with a variety of respiratory symptoms, including chronic cough and exacerbation of asthma. In this study, the potential role of acid-induced tachykinin release was examined in guinea pigs and rabbits, by examining the effects of the tachykinin NK1 and NK3 receptors antagonists (SR 140333(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is crucially involved in the fibrotic events characterizing interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), as well as in the airway remodeling process typical of asthma. Within such a context, the aim of our study was to investigate, in primary cultures of normal and fibrotic human lung fibroblasts (HLFs), the effects of(More)