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In this work the mechanical response to external applied loads of a new glass fibre reinforced endodontic post is simulated by finite element (FE) analysis of a bidimensional model. The new post has a cylindrical shape with a smooth conical end in order to adequately fit the root cavity, and to avoid edges that could act as undesired stress concentrators.(More)
To determine the reproducibility of the delayed response to exercise and its effect on bronchial hyperreactivity, we had 26 asthmatic children perform treadmill exercise challenge on two occasions 1 week apart. Both challenges were preceded by 2 control days and 1 histamine challenge day, and were followed by another histamine challenge day. Peak expiratory(More)
Thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) was performed on grape seeds, skins, stalks, marc, vine-branches, grape seed oil and grape seeds depleted of their oil. The TGA data was modeled through Gaussian, logistic and Miura-Maki distributed activation energy models (DAEMs) and a simpler two-parameter model. All DAEMs allowed an accurate prediction of the TGA data;(More)
In this study, elastomeric D,L-lactide and epsilon-caprolactone copolymers with two different molecular weights (Mn: 108.000 and 40.000) were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of the respective dimers by using stannous octoate as the catalyst, as a potential bone-filling material. The final ratio of D,L-lactide to epsilon-caprolactone obtained by(More)
The in vitro degradation of samples of L- and D,L-lactic acid polymers, P(L)LA and P(DL)LA respectively, having different molecular weights, morphology and/or geometry, has been studied through the determination of viscometric molecular weight, mass and mechanical properties as function of the immersion time in Ringer solution at 37 degrees C. In particular(More)
In this study, two different viscosity-average molecular weight (eta = 4.0 and 7.8) poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization and the poly(L-lactide)/hydroxyapatite composites (PLLA/HA) were prepared by blending HA particles (size range: 25-45 microm and Ca/P = 1.69) with a content of 10, 30, and 50 wt% in PLLA solution with(More)
Sulfix-6 and Zimmer LVC 60/30 bone cements were selected and the polymerization kinetics and resulting glass transition temperature Tg; creep behaviour in the dry or water-saturated state; and sorption and diffusion of water were studied. The calculation of conversion was based on a comparison of the residual polymerization heat measured by differential(More)
Hydrophylic fumed silica AR974 was tested as a potential nanofiller for the production of composite isotactic polypropylene filaments/fibers (containing 0.25–2 vol % of nanoparticles) via melt compounding and subsequent hot drawing. The objectives of this study were as follows: (i) to investigate the effects of the composition and the processing conditions(More)
In this study, a novel composite bone substitute was implanted in animal models (rats) and their in vivo characteristics were examined. A D,L-lactide and E-caprolactone copolymer (Mw: 80,000; Mn:40,000, and PI:2.00) was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of the respective dimers using stannous octoate as the catalyst. The final ratio of D,L-lactide(More)
In order to evaluate degradation kinetics and biocompatibility of a resorbable poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) plug for total cemented hip prostheses, an experimental in vitro and in vivo study was carried out. Degradation rate studies were performed in Ringer solution and after in vivo plug implantation in the femoral medullar cavity of rabbits. In vitro(More)