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A genome-wide association screen for primary biliary cirrhosis risk alleles was performed in an Italian cohort. The results from the Italian cohort replicated IL12A and IL12RB associations, and a combined meta-analysis using a Canadian dataset identified newly associated loci at SPIB (P = 7.9 × 10−11, odds ratio (OR) = 1.46), IRF5-TNPO3 (P = 2.8 × 10−10, OR(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine causative mutations and clinical status of 7 previously unreported kindreds with TRMA syndrome, (thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia, online Mendelian inheritance in man, no. 249270), a recessive disorder of thiamine transporter Slc19A2. STUDY DESIGN Genomic DNA was purified from blood, and SLC19A2 mutations were characterized(More)
Patients with Alagille syndrome (AGS), a genetic disorder of Notch signaling, suffer from severe ductopenia and cholestasis, but progression to biliary cirrhosis is rare. Instead, in biliary atresia (BA) severe cholestasis is associated with a pronounced "ductular reaction" and rapid progression to biliary cirrhosis. Given the role of Notch in biliary(More)
The diseases of the intrahepatic biliary tree are a large group of potentially evolutive congenital and acquired liver disorders affecting both the adult and pediatric populations. They represent a relevant cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality and an important indication for liver transplantation, particularly in children. While the practical(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The biliary epithelium is involved both in bile production and in the inflammatory/reparative response to liver damage. Recent data indicate that inflammatory aggression to intrahepatic bile ducts results in chronic progressive cholestasis. METHODS To understand the effects of nitric oxide on cholangiocyte secretion and biliary tract(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in medical practice in recent decades have influenced the etiology and management of acute upper-GI bleeding (UGIB), but their impact on the incidence and mortality is unclear. OBJECTIVE To analyze the time trends of UGIB in 2 different management eras. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING General university-affiliated(More)
UNLABELLED Polycystic liver disease may complicate autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), a disease caused by mutations in polycystins, which are proteins that regulate signaling, morphogenesis, and differentiation in epithelial cells. The cystic biliary epithelium [liver cystic epithelium (LCE)] secretes vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
In addition to its well-established role in embryo development, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been proposed as a general mechanism favoring tumor metastatization in several epithelial malignancies. Herein, we review the topic of EMT in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a primary liver cancer arising from the epithelial cells lining the bile ducts(More)
UNLABELLED Intrahepatic bile ducts maintain a close anatomical relationship with hepatic arteries. During liver ontogenesis, the development of the hepatic artery appears to be modulated by unknown signals originating from the bile duct. Given the capability of cholangiocytes to produce angiogenic growth factors and influence peribiliary vascularization, we(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a classical autoimmune liver disease for which effective immunomodulatory therapy is lacking. Here we perform meta-analyses of discovery data sets from genome-wide association studies of European subjects (n=2,764 cases and 10,475 controls) followed by validation genotyping in an independent cohort (n=3,716 cases and 4,261(More)