BACKGROUND The management of intra- and paraventricular lesions is one of the fields in which modern neuroendoscopic techniques have given the most significant contribution in terms of reduction in operative invasiveness and postoperative complications. In this context, fluid cysts represent an ideal ground on which results obtained with traditional… (More)
BACKGROUND The practice of endoscopic endonasal surgery is still limited in children because of the relative rarity of sellar lesions in the paediatric population. However, such an approach is increasingly reported in the literature as an alternative option to standard sublabial microsurgery, and its surgical results are being analysed. No information on… (More)
BACKGROUND Adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma is the third most recurrent paediatric brain tumour. Although histologically benign, it behaves aggressively as a malignant tumour due to invasion of the hypothalamus and visual pathways. Surgery is still the first and almost the only mode of treatment, although serious damage can occur as a consequence of… (More)
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE We report a unique case of a toddler (the only one reported) successfully operated on for a medulla oblongata abscess and comment on the influence of neuroimaging modalities in the preoperative planning of the surgical approach. CLINICAL PRESENTATION We report a case of a 20-month-old child with a solitary medulla oblongata… (More)
The exceptional case of a 19-month-old boy with an apparently isolated frontal lesion and a huge holocord neoplastic involvement, presenting with a subtly indolent preoperative course and a particularly tumultuous evolution, is reported. The diagnosis of embryonal tumour with abundant neuropil and true rosettes was posed.
BACKGROUND Ollier disease is a rare, nonfamilial disorder characterized by multiple enchondromatosis with an asymmetric distribution and areas of dysplastic cartilage. Clinical manifestations usually start with local pain, bone swelling, and palpable bony masses, often associated with bone deformity. Intracranial enchondromas arise from the skull base… (More)
BACKGROUND Bilateral choroid plexus hyperplasia is a rare condition often associated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) overproduction. CSF overproduction is usually so high that the placement of a CSF ventriculoperitoneal shunt almost always results in progressive ascites leading to the necessity of removing the inserted shunt device. A direct surgical… (More)