Luca Costantino

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Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is frequently associated with hippocampal sclerosis, possibly caused by a primary brain injury that occurred a long time before the appearance of neurological symptoms. This type of epilepsy is characterized by refractoriness to drug treatment, so to require surgical resection of mesial temporal regions involved in seizure(More)
Several (Z)-5-arylidene-2,4-thiazolidinediones were synthesized and tested as aldose reductase inhibitors (ARIs). The most active of the N-unsubstituted derivatives (2) exerted the same inhibitory activity of Sorbinil. The introduction of an acetic side chain on N-3 of the thiazolidinedione moiety led to a marked increase in lending inhibitory activity,(More)
Polymeric nanoparticles (Np) represent one of the most innovative non-invasive approaches for the drug delivery to the central nervous system (CNS). It is known that the ability of the Np to cross the Blood Brain Barrier (BBB), thus allowing the drugs to exert their pharmacological activity in the central nervous district, is linked to their surface(More)
UNLABELLED The pharmacological treatment of neurological disorders is often complicated by the inability of drugs to pass the blood-brain barrier. Recently we discovered that polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) made of poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide), surface-decorated with the peptide Gly-L-Phe-D-Thr-Gly-L-Phe-L-Leu-L-Ser(O-beta-D-glucose)-CONH2 are able to(More)
Polymeric nanoparticles (Np) have been considered as strategic carriers for brain targeting. Specific ligands on the surface allowed the Np to cross the Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) carrying model drugs within the brain district after their i.v. administration in experimental animals. It is known that sialic acid receptors are present in several organs,(More)
Bovine lens aldose reductase (ALR2) is inactivated by copper ion [Cu(II)] through an oxygen-independent oxidative modification process. A stoichiometry of 2 equiv of Cu(II)/enzyme mol is required to induce inactivation. While metal chelators such as EDTA or o-phenantroline prevent but do not reverse the ALR2 inactivation, DTT allows the enzyme activity to(More)
Injectable nanoparticulate drug carriers (Np) able to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) have important potential applications for the treatment of diseases that affect the central nervous system (CNS). With the aim to create a system able to address Np to the CNS, we synthesized conjugates between a biodegradable copolymer, poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)(More)
In view of the pharmacological interest in phenolic substances, we have determined the total amount of anthocyanins and polyphenols present in the berries of several cultivars of Ribes, Rubus, and Vaccinium genera. The in vitro antiradical activity of the crude extracts on chemically-generated superoxide radicals as well as the inhibitory activity towards(More)
Injectable nanosized carriers (5-250 nm) are actively studied as anticancer drug delivery agents for targeted drug delivery to the brain. Among these, polymeric nanoparticles (Np) have been studied since 1995, but only five of them recently started Phase I clinical trials, and none of these targets brain pathologies. To date, clinical trials for brain drug(More)
A large series of beta-carbolines was examined for their ability to bind at [3H]agonist-labeled 5-HT(2A) serotonin receptors. Selected beta-carbolines were also examined at 5-HT(2C) serotonin receptors, 5-HT(1A) serotonin receptors, dopamine D(2) receptors, and benzodiazepine receptors. Indolealkylamines and phenylisopropylamines were also evaluated in some(More)