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Aortic aneurysm and dissection are manifestations of Marfan syndrome (MFS), a disorder caused by mutations in the gene that encodes fibrillin-1. Selected manifestations of MFS reflect excessive signaling by the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family of cytokines. We show that aortic aneurysm in a mouse model of MFS is associated with increased(More)
Activation of murine macrophages (Mphi) requires the collaboration of signals derived from the immune system and the environment. In this study, we engineered a murine Mphi cell line to become activated in response to an environmental signal, hypoxia, as the sole stimulus. Hypoxia is a condition of low oxygen tension, occurring in several pathological(More)
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a systemic disorder of the connective tissue that is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and which displays variable manifestations in the ocular, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. These pleiotropic manifestations are accounted for by mutations in fibrillin-1, the building block of extracellular microfibrils. During the(More)
Fibrillin-rich microfibrils are extracellular assemblies that impart structural properties to the connective tissue. To elucidate the contribution of fibrillin-rich microfibrils to organogenesis, we have examined the vascular phenotype of a newly created strain of mice that completely lacks fibrillin-1 and the consequences of combined deficiency of(More)
Extracellular regulation of signaling by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β family members is emerging as a key aspect of organ formation and tissue remodeling. In this study, we demonstrate that fibrillin-1 and -2, the structural components of extracellular microfibrils, differentially regulate TGF-β and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) bioavailability in(More)
OBJECTIVE Even though elastin and fibrillin-1 are the major structural components of elastic fibers, mutations in elastin and fibrillin-1 lead to narrowing of large arteries in supravalvular aortic stenosis and dilation of the ascending aorta in Marfan syndrome, respectively. A genetic approach was therefore used here to distinguish the differential(More)
The murine female reproductive tract is undifferentiated at birth and undergoes pronounced growth and cytodifferentiation during postnatal life. Postnatal reproductive tract development proceeds in the absence of high levels of circulating estrogens and is disrupted by precocious exposure to estrogens. The WNT gene family is critical in guiding the(More)
Reduced bone mineral density (osteopenia) is a poorly characterized manifestation of pediatric and adult patients afflicted with Marfan syndrome (MFS), a multisystem disorder caused by structural or quantitative defects in fibrillin-1 that perturb tissue integrity and TGFβ bioavailability. Here we report that mice with progressively severe MFS(More)
Patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS), a multisystem disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein fibrillin 1, are unusually vulnerable to stress-induced cardiac dysfunction. The prevailing view is that MFS-associated cardiac dysfunction is the result of aortic and/or valvular disease. Here, we determined that(More)
The synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) was administered to pregnant women between the 1940s and the mid-1970s and is believed to be responsible for numerous uterine/cervical/vaginal malformations and cancers that appeared after birth and in young adult life. This medical tragedy has served as one of the prototypical examples of a phenomenon known(More)