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OBJECTIVE To determine ultrasonographic features and reference values of the anatomy of the abdomen of common rats (Rattus norvegicus). ANIMALS 20 adult male and 20 adult female rats. PROCEDURES A complete abdominal ultrasonographic examination was performed with the rats sedated. The cadavers of 4 rats were used for anatomic comparisons. Two cadavers(More)
Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the end-tidal concentration of isoflurane required to maintain heart and respiratory rate within ± 20% of basal measurement in cats undergoing ovariectomy that received buprenorphine, tramadol or a combination of both. Methods Thirty cats, divided into three groups, were enrolled in a simple operator-blinded,(More)
OBJECTIVE To create an atlas of the normal CT anatomy of the head of blue-and-gold macaws (Ara ararauna), African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus), and monk parakeets (Myiopsitta monachus). ANIMALS 3 blue-and-gold macaws, 5 African grey parrots, and 6 monk parakeets and cadavers of 4 adult blue-and-gold macaws, 4 adult African grey parrots, and 7 monk(More)
BACKGROUND The increasing popularity gained by pet birds over recent decades has highlighted the role of avian medicine and surgery in the global veterinary scenario; such a need for speciality avian medical practice reflects the rising expectation for high-standard diagnostic imaging procedures. The aim of this study is to provide an atlas of matched(More)
Three medetomidine-based protocols were evaluated for sedation in companion rats undergoing diagnostic procedures. Group Me received medetomidine at 150 μg/kg intramuscularly (IM); group Me-Bu received medetomidine 100 μg/kg IM and butorphanol 2 mg/kg IM, and group Me-Bu-Mi received medetomidine 50 μg/kg IM, butorphanol 2 mg/kg IM and midazolam 1 mg/kg IM.(More)
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