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Background: PET studies in moderately affected Parkinson's disease (PD) patients reveal abnormal cerebral activation during motor execution and imagery, but the effects of subthalamic nucleus (STN) stimulation are not well established. Objectives: to assess the effect of STN stimulation on cerebral activation during actual and imagined movement in patients(More)
The effects of the electrically evoked serotonin release were evaluated on the binding of (18)F-MPPF in the hippocampus of anesthetized rats. The specific binding of (18)F-MPPF was measured by an implanted beta-microprobe and the serotonin (5-HT) extracellular concentration was measured by microdialysis under the same conditions. Our results showed that the(More)
More and more reports in recent years have shown that the intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) constitutes an environmental factor able to act on the central nervous system (CNS) function. We recently demonstrated that the effects of PUFA on behavior can be mediated through effects on the monoaminergic neurotransmission processes. Supporting this(More)
We studied the effects of a diet chronically deficient in alpha-linolenic acid, the precursor of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, on dopaminergic neurotransmission in the shell region of the nucleus accumbens of rats. In vivo microdialysis experiments showed increased basal levels of dopamine and decreased basal levels of metabolites,(More)
Because 5-HT1A receptors located on the soma dendrites of serotonin (5-HT) neurons normally mediate an inhibition of 5-HT firing and release, the desensitization of these autoreceptors is essential for obtaining an enhancement of 5-HT transmission after treatment with 5-HT reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). We have demonstrated previously, using immunoelectron(More)
Enhancing cerebral serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) neurotransmission is a common property of antidepressant treatments and the basis for their efficacy. 5-HT1A receptors located on the cell body and dendrites of 5-HT neurons (autoreceptors) play a key role in this regard. Because they normally mediate an inhibition of neuronal firing, their(More)
The effects of alpha-linolenic acid diet deficiency on rat dopaminergic metabolism were investigated in the frontal cortex of male 2-3 month-old rats using the microdialysis method. Increased basal levels of dopamine metabolites were observed in the frontal cortex of awake deficient rats, without modification of dopamine levels. Moreover, using KCl(More)
BACKGROUND Several findings in humans support the hypothesis of links between n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status and psychiatric diseases. OBJECTIVE The involvement of PUFAs in central nervous system function can be assessed with the use of dietary manipulation in animal models. We studied the effects of chronic dietary n-3 PUFA deficiency on(More)
Maternal separation is known to induce long-term changes in neuroendocrine and emotional responsiveness to stress in a large variety of models. We examined an animal model of early deprivation in Sprague-Dawley rats consisting of separating litters from their mothers and littermates 3 h daily during postnatal days 2 to 15. In adulthood, maternally deprived(More)
F15063 (N-[(2,2-dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-benzofuran-7-yloxy)-ethyl]-(3-cyclopenten-1-yl-benzyl)-amine) is a potential antipsychotic with dopamine D2/D3 receptor antagonist, 5-HT1A receptor agonist and dopamine D4 receptor partial agonist properties. Herein, we compared its effects on rat ventral tegmental area dopamine and dorsal raphe serotonin electrical(More)