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Age-related changes in the mammalian circadian system may be associated with a decline in circulating melatonin levels. Using 'jet lag' paradigms involving abrupt shifts in the light-dark cycle, we showed that a melatonin agonist, S-20098, accelerated by approximately 25% resynchronization of the circadian activity rhythm in old hamsters to the new(More)
Prenatal stress predisposes rats to long-lasting disturbances that persist throughout adulthood (e.g., high anxiety, dysfunction of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, and abnormal circadian timing). These disturbances parallel to a large extent those found in depressed patients, in which hypercortisolemia and sleep alterations may be related to(More)
To determine whether the circadian system of night workers is adapted to a night-active schedule, we submitted 11 night workers and 11 day-active subjects to a 10-min blood sampling procedure during their usual sleep-wake cycle, permitting a precise determination of circadian and ultradian cortisol variations. In night works, the usual shift of 8 h in the(More)
To determine the effect of a phase shift in sleep on the circadian clock, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), cortisol, and melatonin, three robust markers of the circadian clock, were analyzed using a 10-min blood sampling procedure. In an initial experiment eight subjects were studied during two experimental sessions: once under baseline conditions with(More)
To determine whether the melatonin (MT) rhythm is adapted to a permanent nocturnal schedule, 11 night workers were studied during their usual 24-h cycle, and 8 day-active subjects during two 24-h cycles, once with night sleep and once after an acute shift of their sleep period to daytime. Rectal temperature (Tre) was continuously recorded. In day-active(More)
INTRODUCTION Stroke volume variation (SVV) has repeatedly been shown to be a reliable predictor of fluid responsiveness. Various devices allow automated clinical assessment of SVV. The aim of the present study was to compare prediction of fluid responsiveness using SVV, as determined by the FloTrac/Vigileo system and the PiCCOplus system. METHODS In(More)
We have previously described a temporal relationship between plasma cortisol pulses and slow-wave sleep and, more recently, an inverse significant cross-correlation between cortisol secretory rates and delta wave activity of the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG). The aim of this study was to observe ACTH, cortisol, and sleep delta wave activity variations(More)
At least two major physiological systems are involved in the adaptation of the organism to environmental challenges: the circadian system and the stress reaction. This study addressed the possibility that interindividual differences in stress sensitivity and in the functioning of the circadian system are related. At 2 months of age, corticosterone secretion(More)
In order to determine whether the circadian thyrotropin (TSH) rhythm is adapted to a night-active schedule, plasma TSH and body temperature were measured for 28 h every 10-min in 8 regular night workers and in 8 day-active subjects. In night workers, the shift of 8-h in the sleep period induced a mean shift of 6 h 30 min of the TSH acrophase which remained(More)
Using a 10-min blood sampling procedure, we established 24-h plasma melatonin and cortisol rhythms in 11 night workers and determined whether the extent in the shift of the melatonin onset, highly variable among night workers, was reflected in the shift of the markers of the cortisol rhythm, i.e. the quiescent period of secretion and the acrophase. In all(More)